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Sweet Peas

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Sweet pea is an ornamental plant that belongs to the legume family, it has more than 10 thousand varieties, differing in terms of flowering, height, as well as the shape and size of flowers. A wide range of shades, long and intense flowering, delicate aroma, as well as great opportunities for application - all this explains its popularity.

Sweet peas grown in the garden

Sweet peas take root well in open sunny areas, protected from the wind, and can withstand shading. This plant is cold-resistant, during long-term drought and heat, it loses its decorative qualities, however, it tolerates short-term dry periods perfectly. Thus, sweet peas are ideal for growing in most regions of Russia. It needs fertile, enriched humus, deeply cultivated soil with a neutral or acidic reaction. Excessively moistened land causes diseases of peas, so for its planting it is necessary to choose areas without groundwater. Watering plants should be abundant, but not private. Sweet peas, the cultivation of which is accompanied by the introduction of organic fertilizers, bloom continuously and abundantly.

Sweet peas can be grown in two ways: sowing seeds and seedlings. In the ground, seeds are sown at the end of April, for seedlings - at the end of March. Peas are presoaked in water for a day. To facilitate germination, the dense seed coat is slightly deformed. The seedling is planted in the ground in the second half of May, while the plants are located at a distance of 20 cm from each other. For tall grades special supports are established. Young shoots pinch over the second or third leaf, which allows you to stimulate the tab side shoots. Seedlings, like flowering plants, are fed with universal fertilizers. The flowering period begins after 3 - 3.5 months after germination.

Many gardeners use perennial peas for decoration, the cultivation of which does not require special efforts, except for transplanting once in 4-5 years. These plants bloom profusely, but do not differ in a variety of colors. Another disadvantage is the lack of flavor. Therefore, among the perennial peas, annual varieties are often planted, which are characterized by bright colors and a pleasant smell.

Decorative possibilities of sweet peas

Sweet peas are widely used to create decorative compositions. With it, you can hide a clumsy fence, make an original bouquet, arrange a gazebo and fill the site with a subtle aroma. Also, sweet peas are an indispensable attribute of English-style gardens. The possibilities for using these flowers are not limited to planting in the open field in the summer, it is perfect for greenhouse cultivation in winter and spring. Sweet peas, which are cultivated in greenhouses, require additional lighting, since this plant has a long day cycle. In addition, peas - ideal for vertical gardening. It will be a wonderful decoration of pyramidal compositions, columns, pergolas, and can also be planted along with other flowers on flowerbeds and mixborders.

This is not all the decorative possibilities possessed by sweet peas. Growing in containers allows you to arrange windows, terraces, closed gazebos, winter gardens and living rooms. In addition, you can place sweet peas on the balcony, creating a cozy shady corner to relax in a city apartment.

General plant information

Fragrant chinasor simply sweet pea, occupies one of the leading positions among annual plants of the legume family. Such popularity is really justified by the beauty of flowering and simple agricultural technology culture. For the first time, sweet peas were grown in the distant seventeenth century, but it was not widespread at that time. Until the end of the nineteenth century, scientists knew only twelve varieties. Today, breeders bred more than a thousand varieties of beautiful plants, but most often not more than two hundred are grown. The homeland of the order of the fragrant is the island of Sicily and the adjacent territory of the Mediterranean. Most popular varieties:

  • Spencer,
  • Galaxy,
  • Kazbertson-Floribunda,
  • dwarf species: Bijou and Little Sweetheart.

Decorative varieties compared with wild plants please with larger bright inflorescences, but they have a less pronounced aroma.

Sweet pea - a small vine, dotted with flowers with a fragrant aroma. As the plant grows, the stem of the plant throws out the antennae, which skillfully twist lattices, fences and nets. Therefore, sweet peas are often used for gardening balconies, terraces and gazebos.

Depending on the variety, the plant may be dwarf, with a stem height of not more than 30 cm, and tall, when the plant grows up to 2 meters in height.

Flowering begins with the arrival of summer and lasts until the end of the first month of autumn - September. The color palette is very diverse: white and all shades of pink, saturated red and pale blue, dark purple and even rich shades of brown. Almost all shades except yellow. Sometimes it seems that the flowers of sweet pea resemble the wings of butterflies imaginable and not imaginable shades. The diameter of the inflorescence is from 2 to 6 cm. The shape of the flowers of sweet pea resembles a neat five-petal halo.

Planting and growing

Two ways are used for planting sweet peas:

  • planting in open ground from the last decade of March to the first decade of June,
  • using seedlings.

When planting in open ground, it is necessary to prepare wells in early spring, where 2-3 seeds are sown per well afterwards. The distance between the holes do about 20-25 cm. When planting in open ground, flowering plants occurs by the end of July.

For earlier flowering is better to use the second method - seedlings. Before you start sowing, seeds are best prepared. To do this, they need to be soaked in warm water for a day, then gently put it in a damp cotton cloth and put into a plastic bag, putting it in a warm place. As soon as the seeds give the first sprout, it is necessary to sow in containers with the ground. The seed should be placed at a depth of 1 cm. After 45 days, the seedlings will be ready for transplanting into open ground.

If the seeds do not peck for a long time, you can “help” a little, piercing a seed with a normal needle in 2-3 places. Once the seedlings reach a height of 10-15 cm and there will be three leaves, it is necessary to pinch the tip in order to stimulate the development of lateral shoots. At the end of May, after the last frosts, the plant will be ready for transplantation. When transplanting seedlings into the soil, it is important not to damage the soil com. With a successful process in the middle of June, the first flowers appear. Planting is carried out in the wells, which are located at a distance of 15 - 20 cm from each other. Since sweet peas are climbing plants, it is important to organize support over time.

Proper transplant and good soil

That the plant has got accustomed after transplantation it is necessary to pay attention to a condition of a soil cover and the place of landing. It is best to plant the plant in windless, open, sunny areas, but light shade is acceptable. Sweet peas do not like night and day temperature changes, as this leads to a reset of buds and flowers. The soil for planting should be neutral in acidity and well breathable. Close groundwater and excessive moisture are the worst "enemies" of the plant. Before planting, it is advisable to soil the soil with compost, as well as with potash and phosphate fertilizers. Nitrogen fertilizers and fresh manure is contraindicated to use at all.

How to feed a plant

Sub-feed should be made to a depth of 30 cm so that the plant root system receives the maximum of nutrients. Hot and dry weather requires careful watering, feeding and weeding. However, do not zealous with dressing - no more than 3 times per season.

The sequence of dressings is approximately as follows:

First feeding - a week after planting in open ground. The solution is as follows: on a bucket of water 1 tbsp. spoon of urea and 1 tbsp. spoon nitrofoski.

Second feeding - at the beginning of flowering. Potassium sulfate and Agricola-7 are used.

Third dressing be carried out during the period of active flowering with the help of Agricola, which is focused on flowering plants, or the Floret organic fertilizer.

If you plan to plant a plant on the balcony, try to make the lawn deep enough. Then the plant will feel quite comfortable, and therefore, a long and abundant flowering is guaranteed to you.

Plant propagation

To admire the flowering plants before the autumn frosts, it is important to timely trim the inflorescences that have the ovary in the form of small green beans. To harvest seeds, it is necessary to grow a plant through seedlings. On seed plants leave from 5 to 10 peduncles with pods, and the remaining smaller flowers are removed. A sharp change in temperature can stop the development of the ovary. Planting a plant in the same place should be no more than two years, a break - 4-5 years.

Pests and plant diseases

In spring, slugs and snails are a danger to sweet peas. Fungal diseases, in the form of powdery mildew and gray root rot, also often “seize” the plant.

Sweet peas - a plant that can be found almost on the estate of every summer resident, because it always pleases the eye and perfectly complements the countryside landscape.

Plant Description Mouse peas

Covered with a fine gray nap. The root system of mouse peas rod, the roots are long, branched. They can go two meters deep into the earth. Propagated by seeds and vegetatively. The leaves of mouse peas are complex, located on small petioles, at the base of which there is a pair of arrow-shaped stipules.

They are located alternately, have sharp edges. It has tendrils that can cling to other plants. It blooms throughout the summer, before the onset of autumn. Flowers are very small (10 mm), collected in one large cluster, in which there are up to 40 flowers.

Flowers can be purple, white, blue. The plant produces fruits - beans, which have an elongated shape, reach a length of up to 25 mm. Peas spherical shape, green, yellow, interspersed with black spots. Fruiting begins at 3 years. The plant is not whimsical, endures drought, heavy rain and frost.

Mouse peas are considered a fodder plant. Agricultural producers use it to fatten livestock. For these purposes, they plant fields and harvest food for the winter. Used as a honey plant. Bees eagerly collect nectar from this plant. Honey obtained from mouse peas is considered healing.

Collection and storage

With the onset of autumn, the roots must be dug out of the ground. Wash, clean and dry them. Store in cartons no more than 1 year. Avoid dense styling, as the plant may become damp and moldy.

There should be a small space between the roots. The leaves are plucked from the top of the plant. They also need to be dried, avoiding direct sunlight and high humidity. The leaves are stored in paper bags, glass jars. No more than 2 years.

Is it possible to eat mouse peas?

Eat the plant can be. Tubers are edible raw and able to dull the feeling of hunger. Fresh grass can be added to salads and cook soups, as well as cook vegetable stews

In official medicine, the plant in the manufacture of drugs is not used. However, our ancestors were aware that mouse peas have healing properties. The plant contains ascorbic acid, tocopherol, phosphorus, calcium, flavonoids, carotene. It is an excellent anti-inflammatory, diuretic, wound healing agent.

For the prevention and treatment of various diseases using the root and herbaceous part of the plant. Prepare from them broths, lotions, tinctures. Apply both externally and internally.

Before using preparations made from the plant of mouse peas, consult with your doctor or phytotherapist.

Recipes of traditional medicine

With bronchitis, atherosclerosis and blood loss use infusion. 3 tbsp raw materials pour 0.5l of water. Bring to a boil, and remove from heat. Let it stand for an hour. Apply before meals 50 ml3 times a day.

Hypatite C. Infusion is prepared from the rhizomes of the plant. Chop the roots, boil in 0.5l of water and insist for 3 hours. Drink three times a day for 60 ml.

With edema. The decoction of the green part of the plant is consumed 3 times a day, 2 st.l. Take 15 gr. grass, pour a glass of water. Put on a slow fire and for 15-20 minutes, warm up but do not bring to a boil. Then cool the solution and strain through cheesecloth.

With varicose veins, benign tumors, hemorrhoids apply externally, as lotions and compresses. Apply mouse peas broth externally to the sore spot.

Plant properties

Seeds of mouse peas contain vicianin glycoside. This substance can cause poisoning and have a generally toxic effect on your body. It is important to observe the dosage and be aware of the possible consequences. At the first signs of indisposition, consult a doctor and do a gastric lavage.

From mature seeds get flour, you can cook porridge from it. The seeds resemble the taste of lentils. Before you use them, you must first wash the seeds, pour the solution with soda. The British have long been using mouse peas for an infant in the form of complementary foods. Despite the rich composition, you need to be careful about the use of this type of plant, it contains a large amount of toxic substances.

In times of no harvest and famine, the mouse peas were used as food. From the seeds they made flour and baked bread. Cooked porridge and soups. In England, the broth was given to babies as a complementary food.

Contraindications

It is forbidden to use the plant for people with dehydration. With dysentery and frequent diarrhea. Persons prone to corpulence and suffering obesity. Not recommended during pregnancy and lactation.

In medicine

The plant is not included in the State Pharmacopoeia and is not used in official medicine of the Russian Federation, since the range of useful properties of mouse peas has not yet been fully studied. Currently, mouse peas are used in traditional medicine as an anti-inflammatory, wound healing, absorbing, hemostatic, diuretic.

Contraindications and side effects

You should be careful about the use of mouse peas for medicinal purposes, because it contains toxic substances in sufficiently large quantities. Before using mouse peas, you must consult a doctor and follow the dosage in order to avoid poisoning. The use of peas is not recommended for pregnant and lactating women, as well as children.

In other areas

Mouse peas - one of the main honey plants. Bees collect large amounts of nectar from the plant. Honey with mouse peas has healing properties.

Mouse peas are of great economic importance, they are used as animal feed. The fodder qualities of plants are highly valued in agriculture, so they plant whole hectares with other crops (oats, corn, sunflower, barley) and harvest them as silage for the winter. Pea seeds are used to feed birds, pigeons, etc. Mouse peas are also used as an effective bio-fertilizer. In the first year of life, many nodules containing nitrogen that enrich the soil are formed on the roots of the plant.

Mouse peas, vetch (lat. Vicia cracca) - belong to the Vika genus (lat. Vicia), of the Legumes or Moth family (lat. Fabaceae, Papilionaceae). About 150 species (single and perennial grasses) of the genus grow in the temperate zones of the Northern and Southern Hemispheres - Europe, in the northeast regions of Asia, the Mediterranean, South America (Chile). In Russia and the CIS countries - about 80 species. In the culture of 10 species.

Perennial with climbing stems, 30-200 cm in length. The stems, leaves and axes of the inflorescence are bare or lightly pressed. The leaves are alternate, with small paired stipules, pair-bearing, with a branchy end tendril serving to engage the support. The leaves of the composite sheet are 8–15 pairs, oblong-linear (1.5–3 cm long and 0.2–0.6 cm wide). Flowers zygomorphic (irregular) purple, moth, about 0.8-1 cm in length, in dense one-sided axillary racemes, located on long peduncles. Perianth double, 5 - members. The upper petal is a flag, the lower ones (fused) are a boat, two side ones are oars. The formula of the mouse pea flower is ↑ H (5) L1,2,2T (5 + 4), 1П1. The fruit is a bean, about 1.5 cm in length. It blooms in June-September.

Mouse peas - a plant of wide ecology, distributed almost everywhere. Предпочитает луга, опушки, светлые леса, заросли кустарников. Как сорное растение встречается на полях и по обочинам дорог.

Регионы распространения на карте России.

В лекарственных целях обычно используют траву и корни растения. Корни и траву заготавливают в летний период. Carefully dig up the roots with a shovel, without damaging them, clean them off the ground, wash them with cold running water and dry well in fresh air. The grass is dried in the air in the shade, under a canopy. Store the finished raw materials in dry rooms in paper containers for 2 years.

Mouse peas are characterized by a rich chemical composition, especially when fresh. It contains a large amount of protein (30%), ascorbic acid, tocopherol, calcium, carotene, flavonoids, phosphorus. Pea seeds contain the glycoside vicianin.

Healing properties (sedative, hemostatic, anticonvulsant, wound healing, diuretic) of mouse peas are used only in traditional medicine.

Use in traditional medicine

Folk healers use mouse peas, primarily as a tool for healing wounds, since it has a pronounced emollient effect. The plant is also used to relieve edema in dropsy and kidney diseases, outwardly - to accelerate the ripening of abscesses, soften benign tumors. Infusion and decoction of the grass of mouse peas is used to treat hemorrhoids, for atherosclerosis, bronchitis, and external bleeding. In inflammatory processes in the lymph nodes, breasts, benign tumors, rheumatism, as well as hemorrhoidal pain and bleeding, poultices from the grass of mouse peas are very effective. Herbal infusion is also used for lotions with boils, skin lesions, bites of poisonous insects. Powder crushed herbs treat boils. Medicated broth is prepared from the roots of the mouse peas, which is used for the violation of the digestive tract, as well as for colic. Often the roots of plants in the composition of herbal preparations are used for weight loss.

For the first time, mouse polka dots are described in the book “Natural History” by Pliny the Elder. In ancient times, Scottish folk healers advised overweight people to use the roots of a plant to get rid of hunger.

In the years of hunger, mouse peas as a food plant were popular in Yugoslavia, Poland, and Romania. From the mature seeds of the plant, flour was obtained, from which porridge was cooked or soup, added to bread. The seeds resemble the taste of lentils. Before you use the seeds, they are poured with a solution of soda. English mothers used a decoction of mouse peas as a complementary food for babies.

People call mouse polka dots - wicked mouse, crane peas, mice, passerine, chibisin sock, passerines, rakes, etc.

1. Biological encyclopedic dictionary / Ch. ed. M. S. Gilyarov) 2nd ed., Amended. M .: Owls. Encyclopedia. 1989.

2. Gubanov, I. А. and others. 836. Vicia cracca L. - Mouse peas // Illustrated determinant of plants in Central Russia. In 3 t. M .: T-in scientific. ed. KMK, In-t technologist. Ex., 2003. T. 2. Angiosperms (dicotyledons: otloplepestnye). S. 479.

3. Yelenevsky A.G., M.P. Solovyov, V.N. Tikhomirov // Botanica. Systematics of higher or terrestrial plants. M. 2004. 420 p.

4. Plant Life, Ed. A.L. Tahtajan. M .: Enlightenment. 1980. V. 5. Part 1. 539 p.

5. Pavlova N. S. Vicia cracca L. - Mouse Polka Dot // Vascular plants of the Soviet Far East: Pine-like, Horsetail, Fern, Gymnosperms, Angiosperms (Flowering): in 8 tons / hole. ed. S. S. Kharkevich. L .: Science, 1989. V. 4 / ed. Volume A. E. Kozhevnikov. Pp. 306-307.

6. Skvortsov V.E. Flora of average Russia (training atlas). M. 2004. 483 p.

7. Shantser I.A. Plants in the middle zone of European Russia (Field Atlas). M. Publishing House KMK. 2007. 470 p.

The author: Yuliya Ivanovna Korshikova

The author: Yuliya Ivanovna Korshikova

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The mouse pea is a rhizomatous perennial plant of the legume or moth family, of the genus Pea, class Angiosperms. In scientific terminology it is found under the names: large-leaved peas, mouse vetch, crane peas, sparrow flower. Natural distribution area: North America, Western and Eastern Siberia, the Far East, Europe. It grows mainly in open grassy areas, forest edges, along roadsides. Sometimes found in highlands.

1 Description of the plant

A mouse pea is a herbaceous plant reaching a height of 110–120 m, with a bending branching stem. Its surface is faceted, covered with small grayish fibers. Leaves of the next arrangement 10–13 cm long fasten on short stalks, there is a pair of arrow-shaped stipules at the base. The leaf has a complex pinnacle configuration, narrowed shape with apical point and antennae. Slightly pubescent is observed on both sides or on the back surface.

Inflorescences are group lush clusters, including 20–40 small flowers, 7–10 mm in diameter. Peduncles elongated, axillary type. The corollas themselves are of different color: purple, white, purple. The flowering period begins in late May - early June, its length is 3 months. Fruits are oblong-elongated, 15–25 mm long, with an internal seed filling of 6–8 pieces each. Seeds are rather small globules, grayish-green or dark yellow, with black spots.

The root system includes a central stem rhizome and a variety of long branches. On the shoots there are small buds, from which fresh shoots appear. The plant is characterized by the formation of daughter nodules with nitrogen-fixing bacteria in the composition, the purpose of which is to enrich the soil with nitrogen.

Reproduces mouse peas both vegetatively and seeds. Grass equally endures dry weather and dampness. Her life span is about 10 years. Fruiting begins with the third year of growth.

Chernokoren officinalis: description, useful properties, application

2 Drug Use

In folk medicine, the root and herbaceous components are used as therapeutic raw materials. In the description of the chemical composition should be highlighted: ascorbic acid, carotene, proteins and fats, starch, flavonoids, phosphorus, so the herb is known for its healing properties. In traditional pharmaceuticals, there are no preparations based on this herb.

The seeds of the plant have a bitter taste, due to the presence in the shell of a toxic substance - glycinide vicianin. You can poison yourself by using them.

The rhizome and the entire aboveground part of the plant have been used for medicinal purposes, as decoctions and infusions. Harvesting herbs carried out in the summer. Suitable for use as a fresh herb, and dried. From fresh prepare infusions that treat various skin diseases: boils, purulent abscesses, wounds and abrasions. Also use outdoor lotions based on fresh herbs for inflammation, swelling, bleeding, insect bites. To prepare the broth, you need 2 tbsp. spoon dry wood brew with boiling water and insist 1.5-2 hours.

Harvesting the grass for the future, it is necessary to grind all the ingredients and dry them in a ventilated room, then grind to a powder. On the basis of such a powder, infusions are made that are useful for the following diseases:

  • Atherosclerosis, bronchitis, blood loss. To do this, prepare the infusion of 3 tbsp. l powder and 400–500 ml of water. After boiling infused up to 2 hours. It should be taken 3 times a day, 50 ml before meals.
  • Hepatitis C. The treatment is carried out with the use of infusion of rhizome: crumbled pieces should be boiled in 400 ml of water and insist 3 hours. Drink 50-60 ml - in the morning, afternoon and evening.
  • Ascites and edema The grass should be boiled for about 8-10 minutes, insist at least 3 hours. Reception - 2 tbsp. spoon 3 times a day.
  • Varicose veins.
  • Hemorrhoids - for external treatment.
  • Benign tumors - external lotions contribute to the rapid softening.
  • Rheumatism - herbal infusions reduce pain symptoms.
  • Epilepsy, instability of the nervous system. Alcohol tincture is used as an anticonvulsant and sedative.

Tubers of the plant are edible and, when raw, can dull hunger. And fresh grass can be added to vegetable salads, soups and used for preservation. To taste, it is similar to peas, only it boils up faster.

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4 Application in agriculture

Its recognition in the agroindustrial region received peas because of its feed quality. He loves to eat cattle. Therefore, many farmers planted meadow plantations. In addition, it is freely cultivated in the neighborhood with other agricultural representatives: corn, oats, barley and sunflower.

Mouse peas are a good fertilizer in the garden. Good time for planting grass - the beginning of May. The first shoots are suitable for use as a feed of other garden plantings. A flowering plant is specially deepened into the ground to be saturated with nitrogen, and the seeds are ground into flour and added to a brew for sheep and other cattle. But because of the bitterness, the animals reluctantly use it.

The plant is listed as a good honey plant. It is often found near bee apiaries and wild hives. Due to the unusual flask-like structure of the bud, a large amount of nectar accumulates in it. It attracts bees. Honey obtained from the nectar of this plant is endowed with the following positive qualities: clarity, delicate taste and pleasant aroma. After crystallization, the honey turns into a grainy white consistency. According to reviews of beekeepers, it is possible to collect up to 70–80 kg of medicinal honey per hectare of such plantings.

Mouse peas belong to the perennial grassy species, the legume family. You can meet on a slope, meadow, edge, in the forest, near residential buildings, near roads. Mouse peas belong to the valuable honey plant, feed species, often used for medicinal purposes. In the people there are such names as wiki mouse, crane peas, mice, sparrow flower, Siberian sock, sparrow pods, rake.

Mouse Pea Description

The plant can reach a height of about 150 cm, different branchy, weak stem. Mouse peas have thin leaves, they can be pubescent from different sides, distinguished by their sharpness. Flowers gather in a racemose inflorescence, it can be blue, white, purple, purple. Flowering begins in the summer continues until autumn. Long beans are the fruits of mouse peas.

Mouse peas can grow in dry soil, resistant to frost and cold. Most often found on the territory of the Caucasus, Siberia, Europe. It bears fruit on rich soils. Normally refers to a lot of moisture.

Use of mouse peas for household purposes

Due to the fact that mouse peas belong to the fodder species, it is used for feeding livestock, often hectares are planted with them, so the animals feed healthy food.

To be able to use the plant as a silo, it must be planted around oats, corn, sunflower, barley. Some are considered an effective fertilizer plant. It is best to plant it in late spring.

Useful properties of mouse peas

The most commonly used herb and root plants. Mouse peas are rich in composition, they contain a large amount of ascorbic acid, tocopherol, calcium, carotene, flavonoids, phosphorus.

The official medicine has not yet fully studied the whole useful composition of the plant, therefore it does not use it in preparations. Folk medicine has long appreciated mouse peas, it is one of the best anti-inflammatory, wound healing, resorbable, hemostatic, diuretic drugs.

Use of mouse peas

The plant can cure viral hepatitis C, for this you need to drink a decoction based on the root of the plant. To prepare it, you need to grind the plant, pour 200 ml of boiling water. Boil over low heat for about 10 minutes. Insist 3 hours. To use in the morning, in the afternoon and in the evening on 50 ml.

From ascites and edema, you can get rid of using this recipe, it will need grass of mouse peas to two tablespoons, pour 300 ml of water. Boil for up to 8 minutes on low heat. Insist three hours. Drink up to two tablespoons three times a day.

Atherosclerosis, bleeding, bronchitis can be cured with the help of the infusion, for its preparation you need to take the grass mouse peas - 3 tablespoons, add 400 ml of water. All boil. Insist about two hours. Take before eating three times in 60 ml.

When the inflammatory process in the lymph nodes, breasts, benign tumors, rheumatism, hemorrhoids, you need to use poultices based on mouse peas. Infusion can be used for lotions, with the help of them you can heal boils, various skin damage, get rid of the bites of poisonous insects.

In ancient times, the healers of Scotland advised to use the tubers of the plant, so it was possible to get rid of hunger. It is proved that those who drank mouse peas, forgot about food. Modern pharmacology is developing a tool for weight loss, which includes mouse peas.

Fresh grass that you previously need to grind or process into a dry powder can cure boils. Poultices treat a benign tumor, so it is easy to soften it.

Mouse peas as the main honey plant

Bees collect large amounts of nectar from the plant. Flowers resemble elongated cones. If the plant is actively flowering, insects can collect about 80 kg of honey from it. Nectar is most often transparent when it crystallizes to turn white. With the help of honey with mouse peas, many diseases can be cured, so it is used for medicinal purposes.

So, folk healers use mouse peas as a means for healing wounds, it has a softening effect. It is popular in the territory of Yugoslavia, Poland, Romania. From mature seeds get flour, you can cook porridge from it. The seeds resemble the taste of lentils. Before you use them, you must first wash the seeds, pour the solution with soda. The British have long been using mouse peas for an infant in the form of complementary foods. Despite the rich composition, you need to be careful about the use of this type of plant, it contains a large amount of toxic substances.

Mouse peas are a widespread honey plant, which got its name for the similarity of seeds (beans) with real peas. Funds from it can have a sedative, wound healing, hemostatic and anticonvulsant effect. Before use, you should consult your doctor for advice, since the spectrum of action of mouse peas is not fully understood and its use may be unsafe.

Biology and use

Mouse peas - a plant with characteristic pinkish or purple inflorescences, which are formed in a brush of about 25 flowers. In length, these brushes reach the length of the sheet. By the way, the formation of leaves takes place similarly to flowers: on one branch there can be about 12 pairs of leaves arranged in pairs, the length of which reaches 3-4 cm.

During flowering a delicate, pleasant aroma emanates from the planting - this period lasts up to 5 months depending on climatic conditions: from mid-June to early November. This herb does not need special care and grows in almost any conditions. From the beginning of June, the period of ripening of fruits begins, which are oblong in shape and grow up to 3 cm in length.

This variety has found wide application in the form of decorating household plots: the plant is planted where there is not enough comfort, they are decorated with pergolas and gazebos, planted along fences and fences, decorate the arches - the vegetation everywhere brings comfort and beauty, while it is unpretentious and makes a good life.

This plant is a perennial. In the wild, it is often found growing along trails and paths. Often the culture is used as feed for domestic cattle. It is worth noting that cattle grazing does not tolerate this species, however, it is suitable for mowing: after the procedure, the planting grows even more intensively.

Quite interesting is the fact that the product contains a high percentage (30%) of proteins, and, moreover, it contains a lot of vitamin C - this is the decisive factor in choosing a forage plant for livestock. To do this, mouse peas are used as silage, sown with corn or oats, barley or sunflower. In addition, mouse peas are known as an effective green manure.

Another field of application of vegetation is the use as a honey plant. This is quite possible due to the peculiarities of the structure of flowers and special properties: the flowers look like elongated cones, and their nectar contains about 50% sugar and at the same time completely fills a floral halo.

To get the right amount, a bee needs only 2-3 seconds, and honey, which is obtained as a result, has a very pleasant taste, it is transparent and crystallizes in the form of a granular whitish mass.

Growing methods, benefits and harm

The benefits of mouse peas is that fruits contain a lot of ascorbic acid, calcium and carotene, as well as tocopherol, phosphorus and flavonoids. Unfortunately, official medicine still does not recognize this herb as a medicinal plant, since its effect on human health has not been sufficiently studied.

Зато народная медицина довольно давно знакома с пользой, оказываемой на организм этим насаждением: считается, что это одно из самых эффективных кровоостанавливающих, противовоспалительных и заживляющих средств.

Культуру рекомендуют для врачевания таких заболеваний, как гепатит, кашель, воспаления, ревматические боли, кровотечения и отёки. На её основе создают настойки и отвары, добавляют свежую зелень в овощные блюда, супы и соленья.

As a medicine, grass peas are harvested in the summer and used both in dried and fresh cut form. Fresh grass is used to create poultices that help in the healing of boils, pustules and abscesses, help relieve inflammation of the mammary glands and treat hemorrhoids.

In addition, the root of the plantation, which forms the basis of the decoction used for hepatitis C, also brings benefits. The root is harvested in early autumn - it is dug with a spade, washed and dried. After drying, it is crushed and poured a glass of boiling water. Infusion should be infused for at least 3 hours, after which you need to take it three times a day in 50 ml.

As for the harm caused by this plant, it should be noted that it also contains toxic substances that can cause severe poisoning. Therefore, before using this product, you must visit a doctor and not engage in self-treatment.

After deciding on the cultivation of mouse peas, you need to pick up the necessary area for this, which will be well lit, while there should not be excessive moisture.

The process of growing plantations is absolutely simple: it is sown with the help of seeds in open ground, after which they provide the necessary minimum for maintenance. It is important to make a garter stalk in time or build a support for it, which will allow the stalk to reach upwards.

The best time for planting seeds is the beginning of May, when the earth will have enough time to warm up. After the first shoots appear, you need to use any of the available supplements to stimulate growth.

If you plan to use grass as a green fertilizer, during the budding period, it is buried in the soil, using a flat-cutter or a cultivator for this.

The reproduction of this culture occurs as a vegetative way, and with the help of seeds. Despite the fact that the inflorescences in vegetation begin to appear very early, young plants will not have them for several years: this species will begin to bloom only at 3 or even 4 years of its life.

As can be seen from the article, the application of this culture is many, however, using it for medicinal purposes, it is necessary to strictly observe the dosage and prescription of the doctor, so as not to get poisoned and not cause deterioration.

3 Application

Medicinal properties of mouse peas in official medicine have not yet found application. This is due to the fact that their spectrum is not fully understood. However, traditional healers have been using this plant for a long time in their practice.

It is used for rapid healing of wounds, as well as anti-edema, hemostatic, anti-inflammatory agent. Prolonged use has a positive effect in the treatment of benign tumors.

As part of therapeutic infusions and lotions, mouse peas are used both in combination with other medicinal plants and independently.

In folk medicine, the herb is used in the preparation of the infusion for the treatment of the following diseases and conditions:

  1. 1. Viral hepatitis. 20 g of dry roots of mouse peas pour 200 ml of pure water. Bring mixture to a boil and hold for 5 minutes over low heat. Cover and infuse for 2 hours. Broth strain. To accept inside 3 times a day on 70 ml on reception.
  2. 2. Edema. Dried herbs in the amount of 20 g pour 200 ml of pure water. Bring the mixture to a boil and leave on for a minimum of 5 minutes. Infuse the decoction for 2 hours. Take 2 tablespoons of infusion inside three times a day.
  3. 3. Cuts and purulent wounds. 3 tablespoons of dried raw materials from the stems and leaves of mouse peas pour 0.5 liters of boiling water. Wrap well for 2 hours or infuse the mixture in a thermos. Apply as a lotion, applying a cotton cloth or gauze soaked to the diseased area.

When deciding to use folk recipes, it is important to remember that self-medication, including herbs, is dangerous. It is necessary to consult with your doctor and take into account contraindications.

Useful properties and use of pine cones in traditional medicine

Mouse peas in agriculture

Mouse peas - a perennial plant that grows in favorable conditions up to 2.5 m, while its stems are attached with antennae to neighboring plants. The fruits of mouse peas are beans that reach 3 cm in length and 0.5 cm in width. This plant is grown by farmers for livestock feed, because it gives a good growth of vegetative mass, has excellent nutritional qualities, and once planted the plant can be grown for several years. After mowing, the mouse polka dots grow well, while it is excellent in both long-term soil flooding and drought.

Mouse peas have the ability to bloom for a long time and abundantly - this period falls on July-August, lasts for 80-85 days. Flowers of blue-violet are a good honey plant. Many beekeepers specially sow it next to their apiaries to improve honey collection.

Disadvantages of this plant

For all its advantages, mouse peas also have significant drawbacks that do not allow it to be grown, like a medicinal plant or a honey plant on a private plot where other cultivated plants grow. The fact is that this plant has a very developed rhizome, which does not care for the most unfavorable growing conditions. When released into the garden, it can be very difficult to get rid of it - this plant is considered to be a malicious weed.

Of course, this does not detract from its beneficial properties, but when planting a bush of this plant, it is necessary to take measures for its non-proliferation, otherwise in one or two seasons it can drown out other garden plants. As the mouse peas grows with the help of the roots, it is necessary to provide conditions that will not allow this to be done - it is enough to plant the seeds in an old bucket without a bottom, and this problem will be solved.

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