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Myrtle ordinary: especially care at home

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Myrtle tree is one of the most attractive and interesting indoor plants. Pleasant aroma, beautiful flowering, ease of shaping, high decorativeness - these advantages are possessed by myrtle. Home care is organized according to certain rules. You will learn about them from this article.

Plant description

The myrta family is well known among flower growers. In total there are about 10 varieties of myrtle. Homeland plants - the Mediterranean. Grows in a subtropical climate. Under natural conditions, it is a shrub or tree up to 3 meters high. When grown in an apartment reaches 60 cm.

The leaves are small, shiny, leathery, oval, dark green. If you rub them in your hand, they exude a pleasant spicy aroma. The main part of the essential oils is concentrated in small veins. Flowers are small on long stalks, with five petals and many stamens. Color - white or pale pink. Fruits - round small berries of intense blue color.

Growing points

Full care for myrtle at home is organized in accordance with a number of rules. Myrtle is considered a capricious plant, often refuses to bloom or sheds leaves. Creating optimal conditions for growth and flowering helps to avoid this.

  1. Lighting and choice of location. Easily carries the direct rays of the sun, but more like a diffused light. In the heat of his pritenyut. It blooms only with plenty of light. The optimal location - window sills windows facing west or east. In the summer the flower is rearranged to fresh air. In winter, provide full coverage.
  2. Temperature. In the summer season they are kept at 18-20 ° C. In winter, the plant needs coolness. Myrtle rearranged on a glazed balcony or loggia with a temperature indicator not lower than 6-8 ° C. After a good rest myrtle blooms magnificently and for a long time. When wintering in the room, the flower is well watered and systematically sprayed. This helps to avoid leaf fall, but does not guarantee flowering.
  3. Humidity. Grows better at high humidity. On spraying with warm, well-settled water reacts with a friendly release of new shoots. The need for moisture increases during the period of intensive growth. At this time, the procedure is carried out daily. Additionally, humidifiers and pallets filled with water are used.
  4. Watering. Water the plant often - as soon as the topsoil begins to dry. In winter, the need for water is less, but to prevent the complete drying of the soil is impossible. Stable soil moisture is maintained throughout the year. Do not allow water stagnation at the bottom of the pot.
  5. The soil. Soil for myrtle choose nutritious, not heavy, moderate acidity. The best mixture of peat, humus and sod with the addition of sand or perlite.
  6. Feeding. During the period of active growth, frequent feeding is every week. For abundant flowering choose fertilizers with high phosphorus content. Regularly use complex preparations for ornamental deciduous crops.
  7. Transfer. Until the age of four shrubs transplanted annually. Mature trees - once in 3-4 years. The optimal time is spring, before the onset of flowering. When transplanting do not allow the penetration of the root collar. At the bottom of the landing tank provide a thick layer of drainage. The size of the pot is determined by the diameter of the crown - it must be half the size. In a large pot myrtle will not bloom.
  8. Trimming and shaping. Myrtle - indoor flower, which is very easy to form. Shears a haircut easily, quickly shoots young shoots. Pruning myrtle is carried out in early spring before the start of active growth. The cropping method depends on the desired result. Throughout the summer, adjust the crown of the plant, pinching too long young shoots.

Cuttings

Cuttings are cut twice a year - in the middle of winter or summer. Choose semi-woody branches from the middle or lower part of the crown. The optimal length of the cutting is from 5 to 8 cm. Half of the leaves are removed from the cutting, the remaining half is cut. The lower cut is dipped in a growth stimulator. A good effect gives a mixture of heteroauxin with 0.25% ascorbic acid content. The container is filled with a light substrate of sphagnum and sand. The cuttings are placed in it at a small angle and covered with a film. A greenhouse with cuttings is placed in a cool, shaded place. At the rooting stage, the temperature is maintained at 16-20 ° C. Greenhouse periodically air, monitor the level of humidity, if necessary, carry out watering the soil and spraying cuttings. They take root quickly - no longer than a month. Seedlings are transplanted into pots with a diameter of 7 cm (an ordinary plastic cup will do). When the roots completely entwine a clod of earth, they roll them into a larger pot. The first bloom no earlier than 3 years.

The seed myrtle grows more slowly. When using seed collected from the parent plant, the characteristics of the variety may differ. The germination substrate is a mixture of peat with vermiculite. Before sowing it is watered with a weak solution of fungicide. Seeds of myrtle scatter on the surface, covered with a very thin layer of substrate. Landing capacity cover glass. Maintain the temperature at 18-20 ° C, monitor soil moisture - it can neither be overdry or pereuvlazhnyat. Every day, briefly clean the glass, airing the greenhouse. When creating favorable conditions, seedlings appear in 1-2 weeks. Dive into separate pots in phase 2 of these sheets. Flowering - not earlier than 5 years of age.

Diseases, problems and pests

Young myrtle rarely gets sick. Mature and old bushes are less resistant to pests and negative factors.

  • Aphid and shitovka. Attack the plant with insufficient moisture. Adjust the conditions and carry out treatment with anti-coccidal agents.
  • Spider mite Appears with insufficient soil moisture. Myrtle is treated with insecticides.
  • Fungi and putrefactive bacteria. Their appearance provokes constant waterlogging of the soil. The plant is transplanted, removing the affected parts.
  • Yellow, dull leaves with twisted edges. Sign of excessive lighting.
  • Shredding leaves, stretching the stems. The reason is poor lighting.
  • Leaf fall. Increased temperature and dry air in winter or stagnant water in the root system.

Growing myrtle at home is not an easy, but exciting experience. Having mastered the shape, you can give your myrtle any shape.

Features of growing myrtle

Homeland plants are subtropics with a humid climate. Such conditions need to create indoor myrtle and home. It grows well on the southern windows in the apartment, feels good on the western and eastern, and in winter you can keep on the north side.

Loves heat and high humidity. In addition to abundant watering, the plant should be sprayed with settled water at least 1 time a day, more often, up to 2-3 times. To create high humidity, the flower pot is placed in a tray with wet gravel poured into it. You can also place water tanks next to it.

Attention! Myrtle negatively reacts to short-term drying of the soil. From drying it drops the leaves and may even die.

In order for this plant to feel comfortable, it is provided, in addition to high humidity, the following conditions:

  • good lighting - in poor light the myrtle begins to wither and does not bloom, but from the direct sun on the south side it is better to shade it, in order to avoid leaf browning and burns,
  • fresh air - the plant needs airing, it is not afraid of even drafts. And in the summer, the flower can be placed on the balcony or landed with a pot on a country site,
  • rest period - in winter, the myrtle should rest, it should be placed in a cool place with a temperature of about 10 degrees. Water and spray it at this time less often, but without complete drying of the soil. In a cool place, the rest period lasts about 3 months, while in the warmth it is shorter and makes up half of this period.

Flower transplant

Young plants are best transplanted annually. It is not recommended to immediately plant myrtle in a large pot with a margin; it is better to increase its size gradually. To prepare the soil take 30% of turf and peat land, 20% of humus and sand. You can take to plant plants purchased soil.

Be sure to use drainage. And for better survival, the roots of a flower can be treated with a stimulant. After transplanting, pour plenty of water until water seeps out of the pot. It is then removed from the pallet. Adult flowers annual transplanting is no longer needed. In one substrate, they can grow up to 3-4 years.

Tip In order not to unnecessarily injure the roots of the myrtle during transplantation, it is better to use the method of transferring the plant together with an old clod of earth into a prepared pot of larger size.

Plant propagation

Many prefer to independently engage in the reproduction of indoor plants. To reproduce myrtle, you can use one of two ways:

Cutting is a popular and easy way to get a new plant. You can spend it in the winter, early spring or in the middle of summer. Take a stalk the size of 6-8 cm, but not with a flowering branch, process a slice in the stimulator, then planted in the ground, covering the top with glass or transparent film. Rooting will take about 2-3 weeks, after which the plants can be planted separately.

Used and seed method, but it takes much more time. Only it should be borne in mind that the germination of myrtle seeds persists only about a year. In addition, the signs of the variety with this method can be lost, and the myrtle will begin to bloom much later than during grafting.

Myrtle ordinary is a beautiful and fragrant plant that creates a special microclimate indoors. Of course, there are some nuances in its cultivation, which may scare off newcomers to home gardening. But caring for myrtle is not as difficult as it seems at first glance, to give up such an amazing flower.

Temperature

The plant will feel good in cool rooms. Suitable moderate or slightly below moderate, air temperature (in the range of 18-23 ° C). In order to get abundant blooms, in winter, ensure a cool air temperature within 6-8 ° С. In the absence of such an opportunity, it is possible to spend the winter in a warmer room, but with more frequent watering and spraying.

Why does myrtle shed its leaves?

In winter, during the operation of heating systems, the air becomes warm and overdried - this may cause the leaves of the myrtle to fall. You should not despair, continue to moderately water the plant and by spring it will be green again. Myrtle, who endured a warm winter, most likely will not bloom. In the summer of myrtle can be taken out into the open air.

For successful growth and good development room myrtle need to be fed. Once every two weeks apply organic mineral fertilizers. Feed is not needed during the wintering season.

Botanical description of myrtle

Myrtle is an evergreen shrub from the Myrta family. It is characterized by dense glossy leaves with opposite arrangement. The color of the leaf blades is dark green, they are located on short petioles.

Flowers myrtle single, white, sitting on long thin stalks. Fruits in the form of round berries no larger than a pea in a dark color. Each of them contains from 15 to 20 seeds.

The leaves of myrtle contain valuable essential oil, which is widely used in the cosmetic industry. The wreath of his shoots is read as a symbol of peace, tranquility and silence.

Growing conditions and care

Myrtle communis is a rather demanding culture. On dryness or low air humidity, it reacts quickly and abruptly, dropping most of its leaves. The location for the location of the plant is best chosen with bright but diffused lighting. Windows with a southeast or southwest orientation are best suited for this purpose.

The soil for growing myrtle should be nutritious, loose and sufficiently moisture-receptive with a neutral reaction. For example, a universal substrate for growing indoor plants is very good for him.

A plant such as myrtle needs high humidity and abundant regular watering. But to prevent stagnation of moisture in the pot with the plant is impossible. In winter, the intensity of watering is reduced.

The water used for irrigation of myrtle must be soft and defended. Also myrta is very useful periodic spraying soft water at room temperature.

Growing myrtle on the windowsill

In winter, this culture requires a significant decrease in temperature. It is best if it is in the range of 5-10 ° C. With a warmer winter, the plant often sheds leaves or refuses to bloom.

Care for indoor myrtle is also a periodic haircut. It is very easy to give him almost any shape. But this should not get carried away too much. Constant cutting of a large number of shoots leads to a general depletion of the entire plant.

Young specimens of this culture need an annual transplant. Carry it out by the method of transshipment into a more spacious container. In this case, the base of the trunk in relation to the soil should remain at the same level.

Also, for the successful development of myrtle in the period of intensive growth from March to August, it is necessary to feed every two weeks with complex mineral fertilizer for decorative and deciduous indoor crops. It should be diluted in strict accordance with the attached annotation.

Pests and diseases

If basic agrotechnical requirements are not observed, the myrtle is often subjected to attacks by pests. He especially suffers from the following types of insects:

Aphid. Small insect, which, depending on the species, can be green, black or white. The basis of its nutrition is the juice of the plant. Its appearance is usually associated with too high an ambient temperature. Getting rid of aphids is easy enough. With a small number of pests it is enough to use a single treatment with a solution of soap. If aphids are plenty, then it makes sense to use any insecticidal drug. It should be diluted according to the attached annotations.

Myrtle bushes in the wild

Shchitovka. Pretty dangerous and difficult pest. It is almost impossible to detect the shield in the initial stages of a lesion. There are several main species of this insect. Their main difference lies in the color and size of the cover plate. To destroy this pest must take a whole range of measures. First of all, you need to conduct an inspection and remove all visible insects. Then the plant must be treated with a solution of insecticide systemic action.

The whitefly is a small, harmful butterfly. Without proper treatment can severely damage the plant. To get rid of it completely is quite difficult. To combat it, use insecticides of systemic action. 10 days after the first treatment, it is necessary to re-sprinkle the plant. This contributes to the destruction of insects just hatched from eggs.

In addition to the above, other pests can affect the myrtle. To prevent their occurrence, it is necessary to strictly observe all care activities. A weakened plant will be much more likely to be attacked by pests.

The most common growing problems

One of the most common problems when growing myrtle in room conditions is leaf fall. Most often it is associated with violations of the irrigation regime. So the myrtle can react to overdrying, or to the bay.

Myrtle Bonsai

There is abundant leaf fall and non-compliance with wintering conditions. When a plant instead of cool, moist air gets hot. Very often, such a winter leaf fall eventually leads to the complete destruction of the tree.

Another of the most common problems in growing myrtle at home is the decay of the root system. This plant, although it needs a constantly wet substrate, reacts extremely negatively to the bay. To prevent this, in the pot must punch holes for the flow of excess water. Also in the flowerpot arranged drainage layer of expanded clay, fine gravel or any other material at hand.

Growing a myrtle tree at home is not so difficult as it seems at first glance.

While watching the video you will learn about myrtle.

The main thing is to comply with the agrotechnical cultivation and in time to carry out all the necessary measures for care.

Noticed a mistake? Select it and click Ctrl + Enterto let us know.

How to cut and shape the crown of myrtle

In indoor conditions, myrtle is usually grown. He tolerates pruning. Even if the myrtle does not bloom, the formation of the crown will allow you to grow a beautiful tree by the type of bonsai. Do not bar the barrel much, because it is not very durable. Leave as many side shoots as possible. However, if you want the tree to bloom, you should not get carried away with pruning, otherwise flower buds will not form.

Обрезка мирта на видео:

Домашний мирт способен расти очень долгое время, его не нужно обновлять каждые несколько лет, как множество других растений, но пересаживать все-таки необходимо. Делают это до начала активного роста – ранней весной. Молодым растениям потребуется присадка каждый год, взрослым – по мере необходимости (каждые 2-3 года). A suitable substrate will be a mixture: sod land + humus earth + peat + sand, mix in proportions of 2: 1: 1: 1. At the bottom of the pot must lay drainage.

Growing seed myrtle

Seeds of myrtle photo

Reproduction by seeds and shanks is possible. During seed reproduction, varietal characteristics may be lost if the seeds are taken from hybrid bushes. Only fresh seeds germinate well. Wash the seeds without the pericarp in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, dry.

Plant in bowls using light earth. The depth of seeding is 0.5 cm. Cover with a film or glass to form the greenhouse effect. Place in a warm, lit place, avoiding direct sunlight.

Ventilate the seedlings regularly, moisten the soil, but do not pour it. Expect seedlings in 1.5-2 months, with their appearance, the film must be removed. When the seedlings grow, they dive into separate pots. When reaching a height of 15-20 cm, you need to pinch the young shoots, stimulating the growth of new ones. Grown from the seeds of myrtle, give flowering to the 5th year of life.

Reproduction myrtle cuttings

Cutting myrtle photo

From stem cuttings to grow myrtle easier. They take root very well.

  • Cut cuttings at the beginning of summer from the upper non-flowering shoots.
  • The cutting should have 3-4 pairs of leaves.
  • Approximately 1 cm of the bottom of the cutting should be immersed in the phytohormone solution and kept for about 2 hours, then rinsed with clean water.
  • Plant the cuttings in the wet sand-peat mixture, deepen into three nodes at an angle of 45-50 °.
  • Cover with a film or a cut-off transparent plastic bottle on top and place in a warm shady place.
  • Air the seedlings. New sprouts will appear in about a month.
  • Then the shelter must be removed and placed in a bright place.

In the future, take care, as an adult plant. Such a myrtle should bloom in 2-3 years.

Myrtle Diseases and Pests

Myrtle diseases occur due to improper watering. It is important to keep the ground moist at all times, but avoid stagnating water in the vase and pan itself. Excessive watering can trigger the onset of root rot, which spreads further and the plant will simply die. Due to the dryness of the air and insufficient watering, the foliage may turn yellow and fall off, but moderate watering will restart the plant. Also in this period can attack spider mites. You recognize their appearance by the presence of spider webs. Leaves, especially on the underside, should be washed with water or a weak solution of tobacco, spray with ground sulfur or apply insecticides (do spraying outdoors).

When the scythos appear on the plant, it can release resin, and the leaves and stems are covered with dark spots. The plant can be treated with soap and tobacco solution. If the flaps have already become well visible, soak the tampon in vodka or denatured alcohol and remove the pests mechanically. Then treat with insecticide or more gently - with soapy water, for the complete destruction of the larvae.

If the leaves wither and coagulate, most likely aphid appeared - small insects of green, black or gray color, which are located on the lower part of the leaf. Breed very quickly. Immediately treat with special preparations that are sold to flower shops.

Myrtus Myrtus communis

Myrtus Myrtus communis photo

The Russian interpretation of the Latin name —Mirth Communis — an evergreen tree, reaches a height of 50 cm to a meter in room conditions. The leaves are small, glossy, leathery, oblong, arranged oppositely.

Variety Myrtle Myrtus Variegata

Myrtle ordinary variegated photo

The foliage is variegated, the edges of the leaves are covered with dots and stripes of amber color. The flowers are miniature, beige-white with golden stamens, exude a pleasant aroma. Suitable for indoor cultivation. This species is revered as a symbol of fertility.

Variety Mirta Hymen - the name is given in honor of the God of the Marriage Union, people call it the happiness of the bride. We honor as a symbol of youth and beauty. This is an evergreen shrub, reaching a height of 3-5 m in a natural environment, about 1 meter in a room. The leaves are miniature, lanceolate, emerald color. White flowers with a large number of golden stamens, with a diameter of 1.5-2 cm. At the end of flowering, blue-black berries are formed, with an intense pleasant aroma.

Macrophylla Myrtle

Macrophylla Myrtle

It has a powerful antibacterial effect, eliminating pathogenic bacteria, sticks. It helps in the fight against influenza, sore throat, sinusitis, in the prevention of treatment of gastrointestinal diseases, prostatitis.

The plant reaches a height of 3-4 m. Tetrahedral stems are covered with large leaves (up to 5 cm in length). The leaves are glossy, with sharp edges, arranged oppositely. Flower pyatilepestkovy white color with symmetrical golden stamens.

Myrtus Alhambra Myrtus Alhambra

Myrtus Alhambra Myrtus Alhambra photo

The fine ornamental plant suitable for cultivation in wild and house conditions. Leaves compacted, with a high content of essential oils. The flowers are small, white, fragrant. Bloom in late spring. After flowering, white fragrant fruits are formed.

Myrtus Tarentina Myrtus Tarentina

Myrtus Tarentina Myrtus Tarentina Photos

Dwarf form of an ordinary subspecies. Small white flowers abundantly cover the plant. The leaves are elongated, reach 1.5 cm, the edges are serrated, pointed, painted in emerald color, fastened on shorter petioles. The plant has a fast growth rate. In nature, it grows about 5 m tall, in room conditions - up to 1 meter.

Lemon Myrtle Myrtus lemon

Lemon Myrtle Myrtus lemon photo

Exudes a pleasant lemon scent. Originally from the tropics of Australia. Widely used in cooking. Used for the manufacture of essential oils, various sauces, dressings, syrups and lemon drinks. Dry leaflets are used as seasoning.

Myrtle fine-leaved Myrtus communis microphylla

Myrtle small-leaved Myrtus communis microphylla photo

The small-leaved form of myrtle ordinary conquers with its unique elegance with many small, densely planted dense leaves, completely covering the crown of the tree. Along with abundant flowering, it turns the myrtle tree into a festive decoration of any room.

How to make tincture of myrtle leaves?

To do it yourself is quite simple. Take a liter jar, put there about 100 g of leaves and pour 500 g of 60-70% alcohol or vodka. For two weeks, you need to insist the mixture in a dark place. It is advisable to shake the jar daily. Then filter the infusion. For the prevention of diseases 30 minutes before a meal, you need to take 20 drops of infusion 3 times a day.

To benefit from the plant, you can simply put it in the room: it will clean the air from various viruses and germs. In the bedroom, putting myrtle is not recommended. You will surely enjoy the aroma of the tree. Myrtle is ideal for both home and office.

Myrtle is a symbol of a strong, happy, friendly family. It will be a great gift for newlyweds and already “experienced” families.

Legends, beliefs about myrtle, its healing and other useful properties

An ancient legend has it that the myrtle brought Adam from Paradise. The ancient Greeks considered myrtle sacred. The same myrtle was worshiped by the Romans, Egyptians, and Jews. Mirt was credited with the ability to return youth to the aging skin of the face, and he gave strength and vigor to travelers. In Catholics, the myrtle is the personification of the spirit of the Virgin Mary, so the peoples of Northern Europe consider him a talisman for a woman. With the birth of a daughter, a myrtle tree was grown, and at her wedding a veil, a bride's bridal outfit, and a bridal bouquet were decorated with sprigs of myrtle. That is why sometimes called myrtle non-tree.

Myrtle means "balm" translated from Greek. Its flowers and leathery leaves emit phytoncides - useful substances that can not only protect the plant from diseases, but also purify the air around it, relieve fatigue, create a positive attitude.

Essential oil of myrtle is widely used in medicine and perfumery. Tincture of myrtle wipe the face, which refreshes the skin better than any lotion. Myrtle tincture or decoction of the bark and leaves is used in the treatment of diseases of the throat and respiratory tract, diseases of the urogenital system and gastrointestinal tract, various suppurations and poorly healing wounds are treated.

In antiquity, the fruits of myrtle insisted in wine, considering it to be a good tonic, a real elixir of health.

Be careful with folk remedies, be sure to consult a doctor. Care should be taken to treat myrtle people in the elderly and pregnant women.

Dried fruits and leaves are used as spice. When roasting, smoking, grilling meat or fish, adding a sprig of myrtle will give them a special flavor. Remove the leaves after cooking. By the way, spice of a carnation is a product of one of types of a myrtle tree.

general description

Myrtle ordinary is an evergreen shrub with erect shoots, densely studded with leaves. In the wild, the height reaches five meters, and indoors grows up to 80 centimeters.

The leaves have a dark green color, shiny in appearance, have an elongated oval shape with pointed ends. White flowers with a yellowish tinge, up to 2 centimeters in circumference, are located on short peduncles. The fruits are represented by dark blue berries, which are formed on the plant at the end of flowering.

There are several types of myrtle. On our site you will find detailed information about such ones as Lemon Myrtle and Communis.

On our site you can find useful information about growing trees such as Dieffenbachia and Cypress.

Home care

Myrtle is an unpretentious shrub, widespread in home floriculture due to its endurance.

After purchase you will need to transplant to fresh soil using a drainage layer.. Subsequently, the young flower requires an annual transplant.

At home, it requires good solar lighting, so it is suitable for windows of the southern orientation. However, in summer the plant should be protected from the hot sun, obscuring it. With a lack of light, shoots become thinner.

Air humidity

The plant does not tolerate dry air, so it is necessary to sprinkle with water. In the summer you need to spray 2 times a day. In winter, when there is a period of rest, spraying is not required. In winter, the plant should be kept away from working heating devices.

In the warm summer season and during the period of increased growth, the myrtle needs abundant watering. When watering should not be allowed as a waterlogging of the soil and its drying.

Excessive moisture in the ground will contribute to root rotting, and excessive dryness will cause the death of the shoots.

In winter, watering is done as the top layer of soil dries. Water for irrigation is filtered or settled for 10-12 hours.

The flowering period begins in late spring - early summer. The plant produces short flower stalks, which give white five-petal flowers. They emit a pleasant scent.

Young representatives bloom comes in the second or third year of development.

Mirth feed complex fertilizers that do not contain lime. Fertilize should be only during the period of increased growth.

The frequency of transplantation depends on the age of the plant. Plant up to three years old needs replanting with regularity 1 time per year. Adult myrtle transplanted 1 time in 3 years. The pot is chosen more than the previous one.

Suitable for planting soil for indoor plants. The composition of the soil this plant is not demanding, but the earth is necessary with low acidity.

Drainage at the bottom of the dish will provide protection against excess water. In order to increase air exchange, brick chips are added to the ground. In size, the new pot is chosen larger than the previous one. Plant when planting does not bury!

Medicinal properties

Myrtle has certain healing properties. So, the plant contains substances that have a bactericidal effect.

Tincture of myrtle leaves has been successfully used in the treatment of infectious diseases. Increases immunity and helps fight sore throat, cystitis and flu.

When the leaves are heated, healing essential oils with a wonderful aroma are released. They clean the air of harmful microbes and bacteria, including staphylococci.

Some people have an individual intolerance to myrtle oil.

This shrub native to the Mediterranean is well acclimatized in the summer garden and in a regular apartment, requiring minimal care.

It can be grown not only as an ornamental tree, flowering pleasantly in the warm season, but also as a "healer" for some ailments.

The most popular are:

  • Myrtle ordinary or myrtle room - the most common type. The trunk of the plant is not long, well developed. Bark flaking. Its color is red-brown. Small leathery leaves have a rich green color with a very pleasant aroma.
  • Tarentina - compact shrub.
  • Alhambra - forms fruits and berries and has a very dense green foliage,
  • Variegata - the plant stands out among others for its very colorful foliage.

If desired, the sale can be found and more exotic forms of myrtle, but the most common are very beautiful with proper cultivation.

With the help of seeds

Reproduction of myrtle seeds is not the most effective, but it is still used by amateur growers. Plant seeds in early spring in a previously prepared lightweight substrate, which is composed of peat and sand, taken in equal amounts. A 10 cm layer of soil is poured into the box for planting. Then seeds are sown on it and they are poured over with soil 4 cm thick. After that, the soil is moistened with quality and covered with glass. The temperature of germination should not be below +20 degrees. For airing the glass should be raised once a day for 4-5 minutes. Seeds germinate in about 2 weeks. If the seedlings are excessively thick, they are thinned.

Dive plants, when they show 3 leaves.

30 days after sprouting, the first fertilizing is carried out with nitrogen fertilizer in a low concentration. Subsequent feeding is carried out 1 time per month, with the complex mineral dressings and organic fertilizer alternating.

Temperature and humidity

The optimum temperature for a plant is + 22 + 24 degrees. In summer, the myrtle feels particularly good if it is carried to fresh air, but not left under the scorching sun. In winter, the temperature is desirable to reduce to +10 degrees. At the same time, it is necessary to regularly air the room where the indoor flower stands.

Humidity does not play a big role, but still, it is worth considering that the myrtle grows better if it is smaller in winter than in summer. To do this, in the summer months, in order to increase the humidity of the air, it is recommended to put the plant on a saucer with expanded clay, in which there is some water. Steaming, it will moisten the air around the plant. In the cold season do not put the saucer.

Watering and feeding

Watering should be regular and at the same time moderate. With excessive moisture, the myrtle may begin to rot. Also daily spray the plant with water. Without this, the aboveground part will start to dry out and turn yellow. Apply for irrigation and spraying should only be separated water at room temperature. In winter, the myrtle is watered once a week and not sprayed. Moistening of the crown in the cold season is carried out only if the room is hot.

Feed myrtle complex fertilizers for flowering houseplants. In the summer feeding is carried out once a week, and in the winter once a month. It is important to closely monitor the plant's response to fertilizer. If it overloads top dressing, then this means that something is diluted with insufficient quality, or it is necessary to use another means.

Flower pruning

Trimming myrtle is needed in order to form its crown. It should be done in the spring of 1 time in 2 years. It is important to have time before the beginning of the active growing season. In the summer months, it is only allowed to pinch the emerging shoots. After pruning or nibbling, the plant must be further fed with chlorine-free fertilizer. Very active cutting of the plant is not desirable, since it will cause poor-quality flower bud formation. However, myrtle easily lends itself to crown formation. You can create pyramids, balls and other shapes.

The myrtle flower grows slowly and does not require frequent transplantation. It is enough to do it once a year for a young plant and once every 2-3 years for an adult. The best time for this is winter, when the plant is at rest and it is easier to endure all stressful moments.

A few days before the transplant myrtle is not watered. Transplant the plant by transferring it without breaking the earthy coma. It is good to lower the myrtle for 5 minutes into a growth stimulator, as in this case it will be easier for it to settle down. A new pot must be larger than the previous one, but not more than 7 cm in diameter, so that no extra soil remains in it, which will damp out.

Flowering occurs at the beginning or middle of summer. Flowers, depending on the variety, are simple or double, single or gathered in a brush. Основная цветочная масса находится в верхней части растения, которая максимально освещена. После обрезки цветения не будет, и потому в период формирования кроны мирт цветёт только раз в год.

Уход в зимнее время

Зимой деревце находится в состоянии покоя. Если его не переместить в прохладное место, оно начинает сбрасывать листья и теряет привлекательный вид. Опасности от этого нет, и весной зелёная масса восстановится. Until the moment when the active growth of the culture is resumed, the frequency of watering and the amount of fertilizing are reduced.

Common plant diseases

In general, myrtle is a fairly strong plant that practically does not suffer from diseases. If it is poured, then the rotting and defeat of the flower begins with putrefactive bacteria and fungi. To solve the problem, the plant will begin to be watered moderately.

Pests affect predominantly old myrtle. The main pests are aphids and scutes. If they are found on a plant, it is required to immediately treat it with a special preparation for pests.

Myrtle - a very attractive indoor flower, which with proper care will grow for many years.

How to grow?

In nature, this plant is capable of reaching 5 meters in height, while in the room its maximum height is 60-100 cm, which is very convenient. In room culture, the most common and simplest in terms of care is myrtle, which has glossy, pointed leaves and blooms in small white flowers that emit a very pleasant aroma.

By the way, flowering in such a species can be achieved as early as 4-5 years of cultivation, while caring for them, in fact, comes down to elementary actions, which, however, should not be forgotten. For example, myrtle badly forgives irregular watering, besides, it needs a microclimate with high humidity, which means that it is important to constantly spray it.

So, if you have acquired this elegant culture, then for the beginning it is extremely important for you to sort out its new home location. Mirth does not like and will not grow in the shade; he prefers a bright but diffused light, and may even carry a small amount of direct rays.

The most ideal location - windows facing west or east. If the plant had to be placed on the southern windows, then do not forget to protect it from the midday rays in the summer.

Myrtle trees, though they like bright light, but prefer coolness, and therefore make sure that the room in which the plant is located, was well ventilated. In the summer, they can be taken out at all on the street, the main thing is not to place it under the open sunlight.

In winter, make sure that the air temperature does not drop below 5 °, the ideal level is 8-10 °. As we have already said, the myrtle tree is extremely sensitive to regular watering: from the beginning of spring and almost to the very end of autumn it must be watered abundantly, in winter the volumes decrease, the main thing is to ensure that the soil does not have time to dry. It is better to use separated water for irrigation, also make sure that it does not stand in the pan.

Soil and fertilizing

While the plant is completely young, it must be replanted every year in the spring, adults are transplanted as needed, usually no more than once every 2-3 years. A wide drainage is laid out on the bottom of the pot, and the soil for palm trees, which can be bought at a flower shop, is ideal as a substrate.

When transplanting it is very important not to bury the base of the trunk strongly in the soil, the trees do not like it. As a top-dressing, a complex flower fertilizer is used, which must be applied, starting from early spring until late autumn, once every two weeks. During the winter dormancy, there is no need to feed the plant.

In fact, if you follow all the above rules of care, then most likely you will be able to grow a healthy and beautiful plant, but the whole zest of myrtle trees is that they can be given an original crown! How to cut and pinch the plant correctly so as not to harm it?

If the purpose of cultivation is abundant flowering, then you shouldn't get too carried away with a haircut, as flower buds simply will not form. As for shaping, then, for a start, it is important to determine the desired future view.

The stem is better not to bare, because it is not very strong. If you cut the side shoots, the myrtle is likely to take the form of a tree with a branched crown, and if the upper shoot, then the shape of a bushy bush. If you give the plant itself, then, most likely, it will take the form of a pyramid.

In principle, it is possible to achieve more complex forms, for example, to form a thick and squat pillow, but remember that in this case they must be generously fed.

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