Ipomoea, widely used in summer cottage landscape design, is a beautiful climbing plant (like Kobeya) with heart-shaped leaves and large funnel-shaped flowers of various colors, ranging from white to purple and variegated (even terry forms). The ipomoea planting blooms on the dacha pergola, from July to October, in September the seeds ripen. If you decide that garden shade requires natural shading, then ipomeya is the plant that will help with this. Because it grows very quickly, any point serves as a support, it reaches a height of 3 meters, while its very dense greens do not let the sun's rays through.
Among the species of morning glory are several perennials, which are planted as annuals. Among them - tricolor (with blue, pink or blue color, with bunched funnel-shaped flowers), purple (the owner of oval three-bladed leaves with flowers, painted inside in a white shade and similar to bells) and blooming (with flowers of the correct funnel-shaped form of white color and heart-shaped leaves). A feature of the last of the varieties is that it blooms from evening to dinner the next day, while possessing a pleasant aroma. These three types are distinguished by leaf shape, diameter and shade of plants.
After 1-2 weeks, if the temperature is not below 18 degrees, the planting of flower seeds germinates. Literally in 7 days, a rapid growth begins. Make sure the plant is not crowded. Before planting in open ground, it is better to transplant the ipomoea several times in a more spacious pot, ensuring that it starts to curl. For this, it is better to stick an individual twig to each run. In order for the plant to branch well, after the appearance of the 5th sheet, regularly pinch it. Then from the sinuses new shoots will appear, and it will bloom faster.
We plant the seedlings in open ground in the month of June, when it is not expected to freeze on the soil, always with the native land from the pot, since. Ipomoea does not like transplant.
How to land in the soil
We plant each bush separately at a distance of 25 cm from each other, immediately sticking a support and providing for the further growth of the vine. To do this, someone makes their own special wire grid, someone buys a special one in gardening centers, then your gazebo will be completely covered from the prying eyes of neighbors. If it is not possible to provide support, it will eventually form a dense green carpet on the surface of the earth, and it will also be strewn with flowers. Some summer residents use this feature of flowers and make green cover of wastelands.
Ipomoea is not demanding on soils, but prefers loose, calcareous. What makes the flowers so good is that they often do not need to be fed with care, once a month is enough with complex fertilizers. From frequent prikorma she only blooms worse. For good flowering only need good watering and heat. Only it must be remembered that the root system will rot from excess water, and the plant will die. If you want, you can grow ipomeyu on the balcony, but for this you need boxes with a large amount of soil and better south-west side.
Ipomoea does not tolerate sudden temperature fluctuations, if in the fall the temperature drops sharply to +4 degrees, the plant begins to wilt, and if the first frosts start at night, it will die completely.
We collect seeds
In September, boxes appear in which there are black convex seeds, but there is one “but”, if frost occurs in October, the seeds will not have time to ripen. Therefore, save the collected seeds for planting, they do not lose their germination for 3-4 years. It is necessary to collect the seeds from the second third of the buds, but at the same time we do not forget that the ipomey is a poisonous plant, inaccurate handling of the seeds can lead to poisoning.
How to deal with pests
As for diseases of the Ipomoea, the most common are spider mites and aphids (well, with an excess of moisture - root decay). Identifying diseased flowers is very easy. You will see a thin cobweb on the leaves, the leaves begin to turn yellow. In order to prevent the spread of spider mites, the leaves should be sprayed with water, if the plant is already sick, it is necessary to dissolve special preparations and also spray.
Aphid rarely affects Ipomoea, but there are special insecticides to combat it. And the first signs of the defeat of the aphids will be brown leaves with spots. To protect plants, often inspect the surface of the leaves and pay attention to the flowers. If you notice signs of one or another pest, we will be helped by a good preparation "Fitoverm", which can be used both in case of spider mite infestation and in infestation by aphids.
What is heard about the disease
The fact that the plant was struck by root rot, say rotting flowers and leaves. Immediately stop feeding ipomoea and thoroughly soil the soil - this will fix the situation.
It is interesting to watch ipomoea. In the morning its flowers bloom in all their glory, but for dinner they curl up into tubules and fade, hence the second name of this plant is the morning fairy. But do not be upset, new ones replace them quickly, and with proper care, ipomoea blooms very abundantly in a shaded dacha flowerbed. This is due to the fact that the plant does not like bright sunlight, but if the weather is cloudy outside, then it will please the eye until the sunset.
Category: Pen Type 01
Country plots have long ceased to be a place for planting exclusively fruit and berry plants and healthy root crops. Those who can not imagine life without outdoor recreation, try to turn their cottage into a cozy place for a pleasant pastime.
The owners carefully study the floral catalogs, picking up beautiful plants for their gazebos or balconies. Especially beneficial for this are waving species, among which a special place is occupied by ipomoea. This garden vine is one of the most unpretentious flowers, resembling small gramophones. The tubers of this plant contain a large amount of nutrients, which makes it possible even to eat them.
How, when and where to land?
The feature of the Ipomoea is that its flowers open with the first rays of the sun and close by noon. Exceptions are only on cloudy days, then their beauty can be enjoyed until the evening. There are more than 500 species of this convolvulus, but only a few are used in gardening, some of them can be seen in the photo.
Within a month, such a vine will create a real floral screen that will shield you from the scorching sun and, possibly, curious neighbour's eyes.
Propagated by ipomoea seeds. The best time for sowing them in seedlings is early spring (March-April), after which it can be transferred to the open ground somewhere by the middle of May.
To grow a bindweed from seeds, they first need to soak for a day (this is due to a hard shell that may not allow to rise), and then plant it in the ground. After 2-3 weeks, the result will already be visible, the plant is quickly accepted, therefore it is advised to put a small support next to each sprout.
Ipomoea will bloom from July until October, right up to the first frost. The flowers of this one-year-old liana "live" only one day, but you will not even notice it, because the number of new buds will be overshadowed by the already dried ones. Ipomoea loves the sun, because it is better to plant it in an open area by transshipment, together with an earthen tuber at a distance of 20-30 cm from each other, near supports (fence, nets, gazebos).
In order for the Ipomoea flowers to delight you with their beauty, you must also choose the right place for planting. The best option - the southern or eastern side of the garden, you can also do it on the balcony. Make sure that the place is protected from the wind, because the plant has very light and tender stems, which even a not very strong flow can quickly break.
How to care?
This process does not take a lot of time and effort, all that is required is timely watering and fertilizing. Ipomoei feed enough twice a season. To do this, it is better to use fertilizers that contain a small amount of nitrogen, and vice versa - have a high phosphorus content. Compost is great for this purpose. It is not necessary to overfeed the vine, because then the leaves will actively grow, but you can not see the flowers at all.
You need to water the plant depending on the weather. To bloom pleased you all season, you need to ensure that in the soil at the roots was enough moisture. If it rains often, ipomoea does not need additional watering, otherwise it threatens to rot the roots. To see the blooming bindweed again on the plot next year, collect the seeds from the dried flowers.
Pests - who are they and how to deal with them?
But even with proper care, your bindweed can suffer from pests. The most frequent are spider mites and aphids. Spider mite feeds on plant sap. Its appearance is easy to notice if you periodically pay attention to the reverse side of the sheets. Small dots and a noticeable fine web appear there. The sooner you identify it, the sooner you can get rid of with the help of modern acaricides.
Aphids are not so dangerous, but still cause trouble, gnawing through the sheets and also pulling out the juice. You can notice it on the yellow spots covering the leaves of the plant. To combat this pest there are insecticidal agents.
Growing ipomoea - a pleasure. It is unpretentious and able to create incredible beauty, which you can admire until the frost. You can use it for decoration of the garden, arch, gazebo or balcony, which quickly turns into a beautiful oasis on the background of gray heights.
Variety of Ipomoea
Most often, various species forms are grown in our gardens. This vine is very widespread in Japan, and Japanese breeders have developed many of its varieties. In addition, Japan Ipomoea is considered a healing plant.
- Very popular among our gardeners is the Grandpa variety OTS. It is also called Grand. This is the earliest blooming variety. The flowers are very large, up to 5 cm in diameter, rich purple in color with dark strokes. The bush grows very lush, shoots in length reach 3.5 meters.
- The next very popular variety is Pink Candy. This is a variety of domestic breeding with very beautiful, bright pink flowers. The heart of the flower is ivory, the bells are 8 cm in diameter. The foliage of this variety is much lighter than that of other varieties.
- Dakopa - this variety has slightly purple petals with a blue tint, as if translucent flower with a pink heart, it is also called ipomoea blue. The flowers of this variety are similar to exotic butterflies. The variety blossoms very plentifully, and sometimes because of the flowers you can not even see the foliage.
- A rare variety of Rosita has bright red flowers, which are painted with white strokes. For cultivation on the balcony of this variety is considered the best. His shoots reach a length of 2 meters, and some growers grow Rosita in pots.
- Of the double flowers, the Serenade variety is the most popular with the sun with carved, very shaggy bells. The edges of the flowers are decorated with patterns, and their color is wine-red with white stripes.
- The brightest flowers in the Ipomoea variety Giselle - sky blue color, reaching a diameter of 8 cm.
Growing from seed
All Ipomoea easily propagated by seeds, preserving their germination for four years. Seeds can be sown as soon as in the open soil, when the air and the earth warmed up sufficiently, and for seedlings at the end of March.
Experienced growers sow ipomoea seeds in peat cups of three or four pieces. Glasses should be put in a tray and tightened with a transparent film to make a small greenhouse. As the soil dries, it should be watered; the greenhouse should be ventilated from time to time. Special attention should be paid to the temperature regime - it is optimal if the temperature in the room is about 18-20 degrees. After 10-12 days, the first shoots should appear.
Care should be taken to care for ipomoea until the seedlings reach a height of 15 cm. Care of the seedlings consists of regular airing, loosening of the soil and watering. Water gentle shoots need to be very carefully so as not to break the plant. But when the seedlings get stronger, it can be transplanted into the open ground in the garden.
Growing and caring for ipomoea is a very exciting experience. The fact is that the ipomoea flowers have one very interesting feature - the buds close under the noonday sun. It is advisable to choose for the Ipomoean plot in light penumbra. Well, if you are ready to put up with flowers that close in the middle of the day, then boldly plant the vine in a sunny place, for example, along the fence. It is also advisable for a liana to choose a site protected from winds and drafts, because fragile shoots and flowers of lianas can damage wind gusts.
This is perhaps the most versatile plant for the garden! If you decide to plant Ipomoea perennial, then planting and caring for it do not take much time. Perennial species of ipomoea plants can be grown either by sowing seeds directly into the ground, or by seedling. To the composition of the soil liana absolutely not demanding, but if we talk about preferences, then for the Ipomoea it is optimal to choose a plot with loose, calcareous soil.
If you plant perennial plant species, you should put three seeds in one well. The bed under the vine is first dug, and then dig up small holes, which are shed with water. The depth of planting seeds is about 2 cm. And do not forget to stick sticks at the place of planting seeds, so as not to forget about them.
If you planted seedlings, the main condition is the preservation of the earthen coma around the roots, since the ipomoea is very difficult to tolerate transplants. The holes for seedlings should be made spacious. The distance between seedlings should be at least 20 cm. The time of planting the seedlings at a permanent place in the garden is the beginning of June. If you decide to grow Ipomoea one-year, then planting and caring for it in essence will not be different from planting perennial species.
For ipomoei care is needed minimal. The main thing in growing this plant is watering. Watering vines should be often as soon as the ground dries. But, on the other hand, overdoing with irrigation is also impossible, because an excess of moisture in the soil can cause rotting of the roots, which will lead to the death of the plant. Water the vines as needed, monitoring the soil moisture around the roots.
This plant reacts very poorly to temperature changes. For its successful cultivation of the necessary heat. When the air temperature drops to +4 degrees in the fall, the plant begins to die off. In the spring, with the early planting of the morning glory, the plant may die due to the May frosts. That is why it is more expedient to grow the vine in a seedling way so that the plant has managed to bloom over the summer and to please with an abundance of bright flowers.
Ipomoea, these are unpretentious flowers that practically do not need additional feeding. If you apply too much fertilizer, it can have a bad effect on flowering. But it is still necessary to feed ipomoea. In order for the plant to quickly drive out the shoots in the summer and set up many buds, in the spring, nitrogen should be applied under the liana. It is also possible to spray vines with nutrient solutions. In order for the flowering to be longer and lush, fertilizers should be added during the flowering period, which include phosphorus. Phosphoric dressings can be applied directly to the soil when preparing the beds for planting.
In September, boxes appear on the vines with seeds that can be harvested for sowing next year. But, if the autumn is cold, the seeds at the time of harvest simply do not have time to ripen. Therefore, many growers prefer to purchase seeds in specialized stores.
From time to time it is necessary to cut the vine. This plant needs pruning. It should remove the sick and weak, broken by the wind shoots. If you plant a perennial variety, it will have to be cut in September with the onset of the first frost. In spring, perennial varieties are also cut to form a shrub, leaving no more than three stems on each plant when pruning. Sometimes ipomoea is thinned throughout the summer if it starts to give too many shoots.
Perennial varieties differ from one-year-olds by very beautiful, sharp foliage, which with the arrival of autumn changes its color to purple. For the winter, perennial morning glory require shelter, but in our gardens they are more often grown as an annual crop.
This plant needs support, because the vine must curl. You can land ipomoea under the trees, along the fence, along the walls of the house or near the gazebos. Although this plant can curl on any surface, including the horizontal. As a support, you can tie up ropes and tie a vine to them. Ipomoea in planting and care is not picky, but it is an excellent plant for arches.
Diseases and pests
Если вы заметите на листьях растения расплывчатые, желтоватые пятна, значит, на нем поселилась тля. Эти насекомые прокалывают листву и высасывают из растения сок. Еще определить, что на лиану напала тля можно по липкой росе, которую выделяют насекомые в процессе своей «работы». Over time, this dew can start a very dangerous fungus that will kill the ipomeia, if you do not rid it of aphids.
Using insecticide in the fight against aphids will help you get rid of this pest. At the first signs of the appearance of aphids, treat the vine with special preparations two or three times.
Of the diseases, Ipomoea is often affected by fungal diseases - white rust, anthracnose, rot. Ipomoea can also become infected with more than 20 types of viral infections. Physiological diseases such as white edema are very common. For the treatment of some fungal diseases, it is enough to treat the plant with a fungicide and remove the affected parts from them. But soft root and stem rot are incurable diseases. When they appear, the plant should be immediately destroyed - dig up by the roots, remove it from the site and burn to prevent the spread of infection.
Viral diseases are also incurable, and the only thing that growers can do is to destroy diseased plants. White edema most often affects plants grown in greenhouses or indoors. The cause of this disease is the wrong care of the flower: excessive watering, high humidity, low air temperature. When this disease appears, greenish or yellow blisters appear on the leaves of the morning glory, gradually browning and thickening. Leaves affected by the disease wither and fall.
The combination of Ipomoea with other plants
For landscaping absolutely any surfaces in the design of the Ipomoea garden is best suited. This plant is in perfect harmony with other inhabitants of the garden:
- Wild grapes
- In autumn, the Ipomoea looks luxuriously against the background of green hop cones,
- The liana perfectly combines with deciduous trees when wraps around the branches of an adult tree and dissolves its flowers,
- Ipomoea trees look especially decorative in the fall.
If you need to decorate the terrace, veranda, gazebo or just make an unattractive fence more attractive, be sure to plant an ipomeyu. This beautiful flowering plant can be planted under trees or greened with any surface. A little care and attention, and your garden will decorate in a festively dressed ipomoea. A little care and attention, and the plant will thank you with lush, bright flowering and lush foliage.
What looks like a species Ipomoea loach: photos, names and description of flowers
Ipomoea purpurea. This type of Ipomoea in our gardens is most common. It is a fast-growing curly annual with beautiful violet-blue funnel-shaped flowers. This perennial liana hails from the South American tropics with a strongly branching stem, cultivated as an annual.
Stems reach 8 meters in length. The leaves are heart-shaped, three-lobed, on long petioles. The flowers are large, with a diameter of 4–7 cm, bell-shaped, collected 2–5 on long pedicels, painted in various shades of pink and purple, there are very beautiful varieties with bright blue colors. In clear weather, the flowers open early in the morning, and at 11-12 o'clock they close when it is overcast - they are open until 3 o'clock. Flowering begins in July and continues until the autumn frosts. The fruit is a rounded box with 2-4 large seeds. This is an unpretentious plant in culture since the seventeenth century, so the garden forms completely unimaginable number, there are terry and variegated. The most unusual and elegant varieties of Ipomoea purpurea: Scarlett O’Hara with red flowers, Scarlett is old with cherry flowers and a white star in the center, Caprice and the most beautiful bluebells Blue is old.
See what the ipomoea of this species looks like:
Ipomoea (farbitis) white - I. alba. Perennial tropical vine, cultivated as an annual. The plant is very climbing, with branched stems, reaching 5 meters in height. The leaves are large, heart-shaped, on long petioles.
As can be seen in the photo, the creeper of this species has funnel-shaped flowers in the creeper, collected 3-4 times in bunches, sky-blue, with a white tube, 8-10 cm in diameter:
Each flower lives only one day and, as it blooms, changes its color to purple-pink. In sunny weather, the flowers are open from morning until noon (in some varieties up to 16 hours), in overcast - throughout the day. Liana blooms profusely from July to October. It has many garden forms. Most often you can see Early Call Mixture with large blue or pink flowers and a white border. But there are much more attractive varieties, such as Heavenly Blue. Its flowers have a diameter of up to 10 cm. The color of the corolla is blue or purple, and in the central part it is white with yellow. Flowers of the Pearly Gates variety are white with a bright yellow center. There are completely new varieties where the rims are streaked and have more than two colors.
Ipomoea (farbitis) lobed - I. versicolor, or mina lobata. This perennial vine is cultivated as an annual. Its stems branch strongly and grow faster than in other species, reaching a length of 2.5–3 meters. The leaves are opposite, heart-shaped, sitting on long petioles. The one-day flowers are funnel-shaped, very large, reaching 10 cm in diameter. They open early in the morning, close at noon, and the next day new buds bloom. Flowering begins in mid-summer and may continue until September.
Pay attention to the photo - flowers of this type of Ipomoea delight the eye with its size and purity of pink, purple and blue color:
A great contribution to the creation of new varieties of ipomoea made the Japanese - this plant was loved by him in the seventeenth century and did not go out of fashion to this day. They have their own word, which they call ipomeia, asagao. Varieties differ mainly in color, size and shape of flowers. When describing an ipomoea plant of this species, it is important to note that the color of the corolla is white, pink, red, blue, purple, two-colored with edging, specks and stripes. According to the size of the corolla, large-flowered varieties (corolla diameter 15–20 cm), varieties with an average corolla size (diameter 7-15 cm) and small-color (diameter 6 cm or less) are distinguished.
Look at the photo - the flowers of this ipomoea are simple and terry:
In Japan, the plant is grown in a pot culture and formed into a bush by pinching. But for landscaping the balcony, the traditional form of the Ipomoea seems more attractive, so you need to install supports in the containers. Plants can be propagated by seed or rooting of shoots. They willingly take root in a glass of water. Next, the shoot is planted in a container with fertile land and set on a sunny window sill or terrace. Ipomoea blades are considered more capricious than the usual ipomoea purpurea, and for good reason. Want to see her beautiful flowers? Then plant the plant only on the south side!
Ipomoea (farbitis) ivy - shaped - I. (Pharbitis) hederacea. Very beautiful vine with climbing branchy stem 2-3 meters long and large heart-shaped, three-lobed leaves. And the leaves of the ipomoea flower of this species are described by description as ivy leaves. Small flowers, up to 5 cm in diameter, blue or pink, less often purple and red, collected two to three on a long peduncle. They are ephemeral and unfold from early morning to mid-day, then wither, but the next morning new ones bloom. Liana is covered with flowers from July to early autumn. There are garden forms with larger blue flowers with a white border, white or dark purple flowers with a white border.
In plants of the Roman Candy variety, the leaves are variegated, white-green, and the flowers are cherry with a white pharynx. This variety can be used as an ampelous plant.
Here you can see photos of species of Ipomoea whose names are given above:
The following describes how to plant ipomoea and how to care for it.
Growing conditions and care for the ipomoea flower from seeds (with video)
Ipomoea has become a very popular guest in the gardens and gardens of the middle band. Of course, this is no accident. One of the main advantages of this royal bindweed is its rapid growth and the rapid decoration of the landing site. Often it is used to refine the abandoned-looking plot or create a green arbor.
An obligatory condition for the cultivation of the morning glory is the abundance of light, regular watering and fertilizing with complex mineral fertilizer with a low nitrogen content - its excess causes the growth of green mass to the detriment of flowering.
Propagated by ipomoea seeds. Pre-seeds must be soaked for 24 hours. Those that do not swell, pierce with a needle and soak again. When growing Ipomoea from seedlings, seedlings appear after 6-14 days. Transplantation of plants is poorly transferred, so they are sown in pots of two or three pieces, in order to be able to transplant later in a container with a clod. In each pot stick a twig, which will twist the sprout, otherwise fragile stems are confused. Seedlings are planted so that the distance between the plants was 15–20 cm.
At the beginning of May, seeds are sown in a moist, well-prepared soil in nests of 3 seeds at a distance of 20 cm. Seeding depth is 3-4 cm. For earlier flowering, plant in pots in mid-April. Planted seedlings with a lump of earth after the end of frost.
Ipomeia can also be propagated by layering, cuttings, division of rhizomes.
There is nothing difficult in agricultural technology of ipomoea flower care, and you will be 100% satisfied with the result if you follow a few rules. It is possible to plant this crop with seeds straight into the ground, soak it for a day in water for better germination. You can sow the ipomoea and before winter, but the result will be worse: the plant will grow for a long time, the seedlings will be small. The southern origin of the flower and its poor adaptability to Russian winters make itself felt. It is necessary to sow at a distance of 15-20 cm from each other, because under good conditions, the flower grows quickly. This liana loves sunny areas, loose soil, watering is moderate, but it should be protected from strong winds. If these conditions are observed, the bindweed will quickly grow, the stem at the base will be powerful, as thick as a finger, the flowers are large. The beauty blooms from mid-summer to autumn and forms large seeds that can be harvested and planted next year.
A few more tips for people who want to shelter their ipomoea. The flower is not for nothing in different countries called "morning shine", "morning face", "long live morning!" And many other allegories. All because the bud opens at dawn and pleases the hosts the first half of the day, until it becomes too hot. But in cloudy weather a bright gramophone can please the eye a little longer. Since the length of the stem of the Ipomoea can reach 5 meters, you need to take care of a reliable support for the plant. If you want to decorate an old building, you can stretch the line or rope. If you grow a hedge when growing an Ipomoea flower, you can use a metal or wooden grid. And the most decorative use is the arch. Even the cheapest will do, because the vine will braid it at one moment, creating a magnificent carpet of greenery with a huge number of gentle funnels that will bring aesthetic pleasure to the observer.
Often, when buying a garden plot, new owners receive a neglected piece of land with dilapidated buildings and unnecessary buildings of previous owners. And since there are already enough worries in the development of land, the ipomoea is one of the most beneficial plants in this case. The rapid growth, unpretentiousness in growing, and most importantly, the high decoration and beauty of the flower make it an indispensable helper.
The video “Cultivating Ipomoea” shows all the agrotechnical details of flower care:
Below you will learn how to care for the ipomoea flower at home.
Growing and caring for potted ipomoea plants
In room culture, only Ipomoea yam is grown.
Flowering time: summer.
The difficulty of growing indoor plants of the Ipomoea: average.
Optimal location: southern, eastern and western exposure.
Lighting requirements: photophilous plant, requires a large number of direct sunlight.
Temperature requirements: In the summer, the Ipomoea perfectly tolerates heat, in the winter a partial period of rest sets in. At this time, the optimum temperature for it is 14–17 ° C. At higher temperatures, the plant can shed its leaves and die.
Watering, spraying: when grown in pots in the summer, the ipomoea is plentifully watered, especially in the heat, in the winter - very moderately, especially in the case of cold wintering, and only after drying the coma.
Top dressing: during the active growing season, feeding every 2 weeks alternately with mineral and organic fertilizers. In winter, top dressing is excluded.
Transfer: Every spring in the spring when growing and caring for ipomoea, the plant is transplanted into a fresh substrate.
Substrate: You can use any universal primer.
Trimming: in February - March, shoots stretched out over the winter are shortly cut. Also remove damaged parts of the plant and shoots with signs of disease. The resulting cuttings after pruning can be used to produce new plants.
Reproduction: stem cuttings, seeds. Reproduction tubers possible if they had matured.
Possible problems when growing ipomoea at home: in the fall, if the plants are kept outside, after heavy rain they can get sick with anthracnose, a dangerous disease that can destroy the culture.
Indescribably gentle leaves and flowers look on the stem. Ipomoea (pictured below) can overshadow many garden plants with its beauty.
The name of the plant comes from the merger of two Greek words, which are translated as the phrase "like a worm." This is due to the appearance of the underground part of the flower.
However, not all nations have the name of the plant so prosaically. Its beauty reflects the English name, which in Russian means "glorifying morning." In Japan, Ipomoea is called the "morning face." This is not by chance. Flowers of this family are distinguished by the feature of blooming with the first rays of the rising sun and closing at noon. If the day is overcast, the plant does not close its buds until the evening.
This group includes a variety of flowers. Ipomoea is the largest genus of the Vinyukovka family. They include about 500 varieties of herbs. This even includes some types of shrubs and trees. The plant in the wild dwells in temperate and tropical latitudes of Eurasia, Africa and America.
The root of the plant stem, less tuberiform. Stem almost all species climbing (creeping). This is a photophilous plant that likes abundant watering. The plant blooms in summer and even autumn. Butonov in Ipomoea a lot, but the duration of each of them is no more than a day. Therefore, she throws out all the new flowers.
The fruit looks like a spherical box. It contains from 4 to 6 seeds of rather large form.
Nature of the plant
Very bright colors look on various objects of a site. Ipomoea (the photo is presented below) is distinguished by certain features of agricultural technology.
They need to be taken into account by everyone who is going to grow a plant in their own area. This is a liana annual. She grows very fast, releasing her mustache and clinging to the vertical supports she meets. If there are shteketins on the site, trees, threads, wires or nets tense up, hedges, ipomey will cling to them. With proper care liana blooms very abundantly. Some species may even collect buds in paniculate groups.
In the wild, flowers of morning glory can have a size of from 5 to 15 cm. But artificially bred varieties have buds up to 20 cm. This improves the ornamental qualities of the plant.
If the weather is rainy, the bud remains closed throughout the day. Pollination occurs in closed corolla petals. But on a sunny day, the plant is pollinated by insects. In the wild, even birds (hummingbirds) or small animals (bats) can participate in this process.
Depending on the variety, today there are ipomoea, intended for the conditions of the infield, as well as indoor plants. Therefore, acquiring seeds, it is necessary to clarify the conditions under which this species should exist.
There is a huge number of plants belonging to the genus Ipomoea. Even individual families stand out among them. These include various flowers. Ipomoea kvamoklit, coloniktion, farbitis are the most common.
Farbitis flowers are very popular today. One of the most common varieties is Havently Blue. Its flowers are blue in color. Their center is dominated by yellow-blue colors. These are very beautiful flowers.
Colonctium (it is also called moon flowers) is distinguished by white flowers. They exude a delicate sweet aroma. Most ipomei can not boast. A feature of the moonflower is the ability of the buds to bloom only for one night. But the flowering period can continue until the frost.
Quite elegant looks ipomoea kamoklit.
The foliage of plants of this variety is similar to openwork feathers. Against such a background, flowers stand out with bright red asterisks. The ipomoea kvamoklit Slaughter looks like a feathery plant with fiery red buds. The dense curtains they form will decorate any part.
Popular varieties of Ipomoea
Разнообразием видов славится ипомея. Фото цветов в саду представлено далее. Выделяется несколько самых популярных сортов растения, которые стоит рассмотреть подробнее. Это позволит правильно подобрать разновидность лианы.
Очень обильным цветением и большой густотой листьев характеризуется ипомея каирская. Wanting to decorate objects on the site with a beautiful natural carpet of flowers, you should give preference to this particular variety.
Indescribable beauty of the buds dissolves the ipomoea sky blue. Flowers have a long stem and are able to turn towards the sun. Buds have an azure hue. A rich expressive shade is characterized by ipomoea purpurea. Its stems are very long. Can reach 8 m. The buds are pink, red, purple, lilac.
Ipomoea Nile is characterized by a very rapid growth of the stem. The buds of this plant can be of different colors. These are pink, and blue, and lilac shades. There are also buds of dark, saturated flowers.
Many artificially bred varieties are used today for decorative purposes. A variety of shapes and shades is difficult to retell. Everyone can choose a plant to your liking.
Ipomoea flowers, the cultivation of which is simple and fun, most often grown from seeds. In warm climates they are allowed to be sown directly into the ground. But in the middle latitude, it is still better to resort to the rassadny method. Otherwise, the plant may simply not bloom.
Seeds before planting should be soaked for a day in a small amount of water. During this time they should swell. If this does not happen, the seeds can be pricked with a needle. This process is called scarifying. After that, the seeds are soaked again for a day.
It will be quite easy to organize a small greenhouse. Just in a small container poured soil. Pre-swollen seeds are planted in it. Then they are covered with glass or polyethylene. Capacity is regularly ventilated. As the land dries it is watered.
The first shoots appear 1-2 weeks after planting. As soon as the first leaves appear from the ground, the film or glass is removed. When the plant has about 4 full leaflets, it can be transplanted into the ground. This is performed along with a lump of earth at the root system. It should be large enough, as the ipomoea does not like transplants.
Then for seedlings need to provide support. Otherwise, the stems will become intertwined. Unravel them then it will be almost impossible.
When can I land?
Many owners want to have these flowers on their land. Ipomoea, which is planted in open ground on the site, involves the breeding of seedlings. The whole process should start in March-April. The plant grows very quickly. Therefore, after 3 weeks it will be completely ready for transplantation. It makes no sense to plant seedlings in advance.
Before planting seeds in the greenhouse soil, it is necessary to calculate what the ambient temperature can be already after 3 weeks. If it should not (according to forecasts) fall below +10 degrees, then you can get to work.
The plant does not tolerate frost. Normal climate for him is a warm, wet weather. A +10 degree trait is critical for most types of Ipomoea. In exceptional cases, the vine can withstand extreme temperatures for it up to +2 degrees. But this is quite rare.
It is best to plant seeds in open ground at a time when the night temperature will not fall below +10 degrees. This is most often characteristic of April-May.
How does the landing in the ground?
You can plant flowers in the ground immediately. Ipomoea sprouts well, but before that the seeds must be soaked for a day in water. If the weather was appropriate, shoots will appear in a week.
After the first shoots pierced the earth, there is a rapid growth of the Ipomoea. It is necessary to put a support near each creeper. Ipomeyu regularly pinch. This is done when the stem has about 4 full leaves. This contributes to the rapid emergence of new shoots from the sinuses, which make the bulk flower. Ipomoea, which are properly planted and cared for, blooms faster and grows thicker.
Regardless of whether seedlings are planted in the ground or only seeds, the distance between each individual plant should be at least 20 cm. This will provide the required space for the plant's root system, allow it to get the necessary nutrients from the soil.
Breeding on the balcony
Very beautifully decorated with a balcony, these flowers. Ipomoea can be planted in a pot. If the light is not enough, the plant will produce extra leaves, and flowering will be scarce. Therefore, it is necessary to properly consider its location.
The balcony should also be glazed. On its open varieties, the wind can easily damage the stem and leaves of the plant. It is necessary to ensure proper protection of the Ipomoea In such conditions, the plant can land in large pots, as well as long boxes. When carrying out planting, it is necessary to calculate the density so that each ipomoea had at least 2.5 liters of soil.
In such conditions, proper care is extremely important. Full watering, prikormki and careful treatment will allow to grow indescribable beauty of the plant, even on the balcony.
Sometimes, the plant does not throw flowers. Ipomoea curly susceptible to various diseases. To prevent this, it is necessary to ensure proper care of the plant. The most common pathogens are aphid and spider mite.
If the green leaves of the Ipomoea suddenly become covered with yellow spots, this most likely indicates a harmful effect on her aphids. This parasite pierces the leaf plate and pulls out the juice from it. Aphid at the same time allocates honeydew. A black fungus that kills the plant begins to multiply on this substance.
To save your plant life and well-being, it is necessary at the first signs of the appearance of aphids to treat the leaves with an appropriate insecticide. The sooner this is done, the faster the ipomoea will be able to restore its strength.
The second dangerous pest for the represented plant is a spider mite. It makes itself felt thin web. It appears on the leaves of the flower. You may also notice small dots. Here the fight against the pest is quite simple. Just daily it is necessary to spray the leaves with cold water.
Quite picky plant is considered ipomoea. The flower, the care for which does not require a lot of time and effort, will be grateful to their owners for the correct actions. Thank you ipomoea their wonderful flowering.
Initially, it is necessary to provide adequate support for the vines. You can install for this purpose a vertical grid or wire.
The soil should always be a little wet. Too strong or, on the contrary, poor watering is equally dangerous for the plant. To ipomoea pleased the eye with an abundance of buds, it should be regularly fed with a frequency of 1 time in 5 days. Fertilizers should contain a little nitrogen and a lot of phosphorus. It stimulates its flowering.
Due to improper care, the plant can quickly fade. It can hurt, which will affect flowering. Immunity plants after suffering a very fragile. Therefore, it is better to care for him properly and in a timely manner.
Many people tend to have flowers on their plot or balcony. Ipomoea produces extraordinarily beautiful buds. They will please the owners for a long time. Without requiring special care, morning glory is a picky plant. This is a great solution for decorating any backyard or even a balcony. The rapid growth rate will allow you to hide even the shortcomings of the surrounding objects and fill the world around with harmony and indescribable beauty.
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What is ipomoea
Ipomoea is a decorative and unpretentious liana. Its other name is Farbitis. Many people call this plant a bindweed, which will surely become a bright decoration of your arbor, hedge, arch or pergolas. It can reach five meters in length. In our gardens, an annual or perennial vine is often planted, which is also called the flower of the morning dawn. This poetic name was given to Ipomee for good reason; its bud-gramophones bloomed one of the first, in the early morning, when other flowers had not yet awakened from sleep.
Depending on the variety, the Ipomoea flowers may be double or regular, the colors being the same various - blue, purple, blue, burgundy, pink, white, red, pale lilac, bicolor. As mentioned above, the ipomoea is unpretentious, it grows very quickly and braids any support it offers. Long flowering is another advantage of this flower, from the first days of summer until the onset of cold weather it will decorate your garden.
Every day a new flower is blooming. He lives not for long, sometimes until noon, sometimes until evening. And long-term flowering is achieved due to the huge number of flowers and buds.
Ipomoea Carnival of Venice
Cultivation of the Ipomoea is possible not only in the open field, but also in the conditions of an apartment, especially on balconies and loggias, where it will feel great.
This plant is very often used in landscape design. Its bright beauty, excellent survival rate and rapid growth help in a short time to change for the better the look of the gazebo, veranda, fence and other garden elements.
Ipomoea Windmill at the pergola
The leaves of the Ipomoea are also noteworthy and decorative - large, lobed, heart-shaped, saturated dark green shade.
In landscape design, the ipomoea is perennial more often used, but annual varieties can be found all the time in the summer cottages, in flower beds, in flowerbeds, in flowerpots, and also in the form of live carpets. The plant prefers sunny places, good watering (especially in summer), does not like drafts, but still grows normally, even in windy places.
Ipomoea has an interesting feature: the buds bloom with the onset of morning, and close in the afternoon — this factor is due to the sensitivity of the plant to lighting. If there are cloudy days, the flowers may not close at all, but remain open until dusk.
Ipomoea purpurea (Ipomoea purpurea)
It is one of the most famous varieties. In favorable conditions, the length of the shoots can reach 8 meters. The flowers are large, 5-7 cm long, can be red, white, pink, blue, dark burgundy, purple. The variety has both common and terry varieties. The most common varieties are: Star of Yalta, the Milky Way, Scarlett O'Hara.
Particularly interesting is the Ipomoea purple variety of Paradise Stars - it is a free-flowering plant, reaching a three-meter height, with buds of different colors, heat-loving, light-loving, characterized by long flowering.
Purple Ipomoea, photo:
Ivy ipomoea (Ipomoea hederacea)
Liana in length can grow up to 3 meters. The shape of the leaves is three-lobed, reminiscent of ivy, hence the name. The flowers are medium in size (about 5 cm in diameter), mostly blue, light blue shades, but there are also red, pink. Blooms in mid-summer (July) and continues to bloom until October.
Ipomoea ivy-shaped, photo:
Ipomoea Nil (Ipomoea nil)
Also reaches three-meter length. It blooms from July to mid-autumn. The flowers of this variety are distinguished by amazing decorativeness: contrasting bicolor, with edging of different shades, with an unusual color (pink-brown, bright orange, cream-pink, golden variegated). The form of a bud can be star-shaped, with double edges, with rounded petals.
Ipomoea Nil, photo:
Ipomoea flower diameter 13.5 cm Ipomoea Terry Serenade ↑ to contents ↑
Ipomoea kvamoklit (Ipomoea pennata) or cypress liana
This ipomoea is an unusual species with tracery small-cut foliage and small star-shaped flowers. Kvamoklit branches reach a five-meter length, flowering begins in July and lasts until September. This is a very showy plant, with rich green foliage and bright red multiple flowers. Kvamoklit unpretentious, quickly goes to growth.
Ipomoea heavenly blue
Sometimes this kind of morning glory is also called "Glorious morning." She pleases the eyes with sky-blue flowers from mid-summer and until the first frosts. The flowers are large, in diameter can reach 10 cm, shoots grow up to 2 meters. This heat-loving plant, preferring the sunlit areas, loves watering, but it does not like overwetting the soil.
Ipomoea blue photo:
Moonflower Ipomoea (Ipomoea noctiflora)
Amazing night flower, blooming in the dark and closing its buds with the onset of morning. The shoots of this plant reach a three-meter length, the flower itself has a diameter of about 10 cm. It begins to bloom in mid-July and continues until October. Delicate almond flavor - another plus of this snow-white flower.
Ipomoea moon blooming, photo:
Of course, there are a lot of varieties of Ipomoea, all of them are beautiful in their own way, each of them has its fans. Through the efforts of breeders, more and more new hybrids appear, striking in their beauty and individuality.
Ipomoea harlequin Ipomoea Mauro Ipomoea Orange Ipomoea Neil Kaykio-zaki Ipomoea Blue Bliss
Today, the sale can be freely purchased most varieties of Ipomoea in the seeds, and in the appropriate forums - cuttings or seedlings of the species that interests you.
Ipomoea - planting and care in the open field
The most common method of reproduction of this plant is self-sowing, in which the ipomoea sheds seeds after they mature. With the onset of spring, young ipomoea sprouts spit and reach for the sun. You can also buy seeds of the desired variety, and then, according to the rules of sowing, germinate them and sow them in the ground. You can even just sow the seeds immediately into the soil, deepening the hole by about 2-3 cm - there will be a positive result. The distance between the pits should be approximately 20 cm; 2 or 3 ipomoea seeds are placed in each depression. This process can be safely launched as early as the second half of April (in the Kuban) or May (middle Russia).
Ipomoea seeds of different varieties, photo:
You can go a more difficult way and germinate the seedlings on the seedlings. To do this, they are germinated and planted in peat tablets or in a container with a suitable soil.
When to plant ipomeyu seedlings?
In March, pre-soak the seed in warm water (for 24 hours), and then put it in tablets or in separate cups of soil. If some seeds are not swollen after such a daily bath, then you can use a needle and pierce them, and then put them back in water for a similar period of time.
The method with seedlings is more suitable for cold regions, since at the same time high-grade young plants are planted in the soil, and not tender seeds. Caring for seedlings is simple, shoots can be observed as early as 10 days, watering is carried out as the soil dries out (slightly warm water). In the room where the seedlings are located, the air temperature should not be below + 19 ° C.
In the last days of May or in the first week of June, already grown up morning glory can be transferred to the open ground.
How to plant ipomeyu?
Try to carefully remove the plants from the tanks, with a large clot of soil, as this culture does not respond well to replanting. The distance between the holes should also be about 20 cm. After planting, water the flowers with warm water, when they are actively growing, install a support near each plant (if you didn’t have planted ipomeyu near the support element).
Ipomoea seedlings, photo:
How to care for ipomoea?
As for the care, it is quite simple and does not include any special requirements. Ipomoea annual, as well as perennial, grows well on any soil. The main thing - provide it with regular, but not too abundant watering (so as not to rot the roots). This plant does not need additional feedings. However, if you really want, then a complex mineral supplement can be made with water during irrigation, during the period when the morning glory is actively growing. To make it look aesthetically pleasing, remove damaged or dried shoots. Periodically flush the ground, remove weeds. Самое важное для ипомеи – это надёжная и крепкая опора для роста и дальнейшего плетения.
Такая разная ипомея
В открытом грунте, равно как и в домашних условиях (на балконе или лоджии), нет особых различий между требованиями к выращиванию этого цветка. Все действия аналогичны, поливайте растение и обеспечьте его опорой, тогда ипомея на балконе будет себя чувствовать также прекрасно, как и её родственница на дачном участке.
Борьба с вредителями
With regard to pests, the most malicious enemies of this plant can be considered spider mites and aphids. In the early stages, aphids can be removed by irrigating the leaves with a strong soap-water solution. The spider mite surrenders its positions from ordinary cold water, however these methods work at the very beginning of the pest invasion. If the parasites attack the plant in full force, then they need to be fought with the help of systemic insecticide preparations, such as Karbofos, Aktellik or Fitoverm.
Morning glory in winter
With the onset of winter, the ipomoea perennial should be carefully dug out and moved to a voluminous pot, which should be placed in a room or basement. At the same time, the ground part of the plant is naturally cut off. If you have in the region are not too harsh winters, it may well winter in the open field.
Here, in principle, all the nuances relating to this plant. With minimal labor costs, you can create unprecedented beauty at your summer cottage. You will love the ipomoea! Planting and care, photos of this flower and all the above information, I hope, will help you to strengthen in choosing the option for decorating the dacha, gazebo, fence or other garden element.
Ipomoea Ruby Lights
Morning glory in the garden
In the garden Ipomoea purple (EnglishMorning glory) grows rapidly, like the rest of the bindweed, capturing all the proposed territory. The length of the shores of the Ipomoea reaches 4 meters, and in warm regions up to 7 meters. That is, Ipomoea can grow to the third floor of the cottage.
Scourge Ipomoea purpurea in warm countries reach a height of 7 meters
Ipomoea shields the walls of buildings from the sun with a green carpet of leaves, and the flowers create a unique mosaic on this carpet. By the way, flowers of garden bindweed can reach 6 centimeters in diameter.
Color Ipomoea flowers varied. There are blue, purple, blue, purple, white flowers, as well as striped, variegated and terry.
Ipomoea purple flowers can be blue. Photo: Shawna Coronado Sky-blue flowers Ipomoea beautiful, anyway. Photo: Pinterest.com Maroon ipomoea flowers. Photo: Pinterest.com
Ipomoea purpurea begins to bloom in late June and continues to bloom until freezing. Flowers are updated daily, as each convolvulus flower lives one day - it opens in the morning, and closes in the evening and no longer opens.