Women's Tips

The best products for feeding baby

Prikormom called food assigned to infants when they reach a certain age and physiological norms. Such food is designed to complement the mother's milk or artificial formula, whose composition and caloric content can no longer satisfy the increased needs of the baby.

Since in the first 12 months the foundations are laid for the further lifestyle and health of the child, each parent needs to imagine at what age it is better to start feeding the babies, how to properly feed the supplements and what nutrition should be given in each month.

When to start lure?

The question of how many months it is possible to feed a child worries every new parent. But there is still no clear answer, there are only recommendations.

It should be realized that the “symptom” of children's readiness cannot only be age, several important characteristics of children's development need to be taken into account, for example:

  • type of feeding of the child (breast milk or formula),
  • body weight, which should be twice the weight of the baby when born (for preterm babies, is about 2.5 times),
  • the child's absence of a repulsive reflex of the uvula in response to the proposed drinking or eating in a spoon,
  • the ability of the baby to sit (including in the "feeding" stool), leaning the body towards the spoon or leaning back (this demonstrates a desire to eat or refusal to eat),
  • signs of hunger, when a child very often asks for a breast or a bottle and is still not fed up,
  • the interest of kids in adult food and the desire to try it.

The complex of all signs of readiness manifests itself in different children at an age. As a rule, the introduction of complementary foods happens in the interval from 5 to 8 months (all individually).

What threatens the early feeding?

Parents should understand - it is better to be a bit late with feeding, than to introduce it prematurely.

For example, feeding in 4 months is fraught with not the most favorable reactions from the digestive tract, which is not yet ready to accept new products.

Too early on feeding leads to the following problems:

  1. Due to the lack of necessary digestive enzymes, abdominal pain, intestinal colic, regurgitation, and stool disorders may occur. That is, lure from 4 months will be at best useless, because the products are not digested.
  2. Another serious consequence is allergic conditions, the cause of which is the increased permeability of the intestinal walls of allergic particles and the immaturity of the child’s protective system. In this case, the immunity of babies suffers, as a result of which they are sick and more often.
  3. A food in 4 months and earlier may even pose some danger to the baby, if he still does not know how to swallow a thicker food than milk or a mixture. An undeveloped swallowing reflex can lead to vomiting, loss of interest in food.
  4. The increased stress experienced by unformed internal organs (liver, kidneys and gastrointestinal tract organs) may result in their chronic diseases.

Of course, this rule does not work if the baby is on artificial feeding.

Thus, it is better to start feeding the child at a suitable age and only after the approval of the doctor, who is observing the baby.

Principles of the introduction of prikarmlivaniya

So that the first feeding of the infant passes without “accidents” and leaves only pleasant impressions with the mother and child, it is worth knowing the rules for introducing complementary foods.

They look like this:

  1. Giving a new product is necessary for a child who is completely healthy and in a good mood. It is not necessary to start the acquaintance with the supplements, if the children were vaccinated.
  2. The first complementary foods should be single component, that is, consist of only one dish. If the baby is used to a new product, give the next one and so on. The last step is to give porridge with fruit additives, vegetable mixes with the meat component.
  3. Before purchasing industrial foods, be sure to look through the composition to exclude products that include highly allergenic ingredients.
  4. It is necessary to feed the baby with an unfamiliar product in the morning, in order to track the reaction of the child's body. During the day, the mother needs to pay attention to the condition of the skin, feces and general activity.
  5. Offer a new food when the baby is hungry, and then feed him with breast milk (if he is breastfed) or with a mixture (if artificially fed).
  6. The optimal amount of feeding is half a teaspoon (or 3-5 grams), gradually the volume of complementary foods increases to age indicators.
  7. Do not refuse the product, even if the child once dismissed it. To get used to the new taste, you need to thoroughly tasted. This should be done at intervals of 3 days. If the peanut continues to refuse the dish, do not insist, but replace the product with a similar one (rice for buckwheat, pear puree for apple).
  8. Watch for temperature. This should be done to avoid burns of the oral mucosa (the dish should be warm, not hot).
  9. Make sure that the dish is homogeneous (homogeneous). Lumps cause difficulty in swallowing and rejection of the product in a child.
  10. Refuse to feed the baby directly from the industrial tank. Food is spread on a plate, otherwise saliva will fall into a jar, as a result of which the dish will become unsuitable for further storage.
  11. Giving the next dish is necessary only after the children are fully accustomed to the previous one. Usually the time interval is about 2 weeks.
  12. Combine several products. For example, you should not give two liquid (milk and juice) or two thicker (puree and porridge) dishes for one meal.

It is necessary to feed children very carefully and with great patience. A child will need a lot of time before he learns to swallow thicker foods than breast milk or formula. That is why you should not be nervous and worry if something goes wrong, as we would like.

The first products for the child

In the first supplements should include products that have a neutral taste. It is necessary to do this so that the bright taste does not make the child reject the new food or, on the contrary, exclude the preference of one dish to all others.

That is why, for example, experts advise not to introduce sweet and fragrant juices or fruit purees to the first lure. Of course, they are much more attractive than a zucchini or meat products, which is why it is necessary at the early age to exclude the formation of incorrect taste preferences.

It is not so important at what age you will begin to introduce new products - feeding in 5 months with artificial feeding follows the same principles as feeding with six months when breastfeeding.

What is the best place to start?

The most common products in the open spaces of Russia and the CIS countries, which are used for the first feeding are vegetables, namely zucchini, cauliflower, broccoli and pumpkin.

In general, there is always a golden rule that applies to all babies in the world - the first to give those vegetables that are most characteristic of your area, in addition, it is important that they are dull, although there are exceptions. Experts recommend starting such experiments only if the child is completely healthy and should not be (or has already been) vaccinated in the coming week.

The first supplements are always introduced before breastfeeding, usually start with a very small portion, no more than 1-2 spoons, increasing the volume every day, provided that there are no adverse reactions from the baby.

For example, if after any product rashes, redness of cheeks appeared, the chair changed, vomiting, nasal congestion appeared, then, most likely, you need to reduce the portion or completely eliminate this product for 1-2 months from the diet.

Also, do not think that the baby will be greatly inspired by what you are offering him, most likely, after the first spoon he will twist, spit out and give up on a new portion. This is normal, because his taste buds have not yet had time to get used to and adapt to new tastes. So, quite possibly, you will have to show considerable perseverance, but the game is still worth the candle.

What products can be given first?

As we have said, it is believed that the safest and most useful for the first feeding are vegetables, another option is cereals, less often fruit purees or dairy products (kefir, cottage cheese). Vegetable puree is more difficult to enter than the same porridge, because the child is not easy to switch from sweet breast milk to unsweetened vegetables, usually a little sugar is added to the porridge (the manufacturer or the parents themselves), which the baby likes much more.

However, it is to start with vegetables for those who have problems with the chair (constipation), as well as excess weight, because they contain a lot of fiber, vitamins, and other useful components. Porridges are recommended for children with a lack of weight, as well as an unstable chair.

Zucchini. The most popular food in Russia, because it is a very gentle and pleasant to taste vegetable. It is rich in vitamins A and C, belongs to hypoallergenic products, and also well retains all its beneficial properties even with very long storage.

That is why it is convenient to introduce them into the diet, both in summer and in winter, in addition, this vegetable is well wiped through a sieve and quickly cooked. Squashes strengthen immunity, and therefore are indicated for children who often get sick.

Cauliflower. Another product with a low degree of allergenicity, rich in vitamins and minerals, unlike the same cabbage, does not provoke increased gas formation. Well strengthens blood vessels and improves metabolism, however, not the most convenient vegetable in terms of storage and preparation for consumption.

Pumpkin. Another traditional product of the first foods is a very gentle and healthy vegetable, rich in fiber and vegetable oils, which have a good laxative effect. It is rich in vitamin D, and belongs to low-allergenic products, however, it can provoke carotene jaundice, therefore, it must be administered with caution.

Carrot. It is also convenient to use and store, very useful for vision, growth and has a pleasant sweetish taste, which children often like. Much more useful in the form of juice or raw mashed potatoes, however, the first time it should be given exactly in boiled form.

Onion. It is recommended to add to vegetable puree not earlier than from 8-9 months and only boiled.

Vegetable puree. Usually, the above products are mashed, for starters - only one type of vegetable, over time, additional ingredients are introduced. Salt and poddlazhivat such mashed potatoes do not need.

Kashi. Another popular food for feeding, most often, is buckwheat, rice, corn or oatmeal. It is more advantageous to use instant porridges, which have the appearance of powder (it is enough to mix them with warm boiled water). You can try and dry milk porridge, as well as the usual grits, however, pre-grind in a coffee grinder.

Milk products. In principle, if a child does not have intolerance to cow's milk protein, then at the age of 6-7 months, you can try to introduce cottage cheese (preferably cooked yourself).

Meat puree. It is allowed from the age of 7 months, best of all, if it is in jars of industrial production: the meat of a turkey, rabbit or chicken is considered the most tasty and useful.

5 spelenok

Mark Spelenok developed by Gardens Pridonya. All products are specially made for babies of the first year of life. Most of the products are made on the basis of their own raw materials, which are grown in the immediate vicinity of the factory. It provides high quality vegetable and fruit purees at an affordable price.

Spelenok also produces juices, fruit drinks, nectars, baby water. There are two packaging formats: glass and cardboard. By production do not use dyes, GMO and artificial preservatives. Quality indicators are strictly controlled with the help of modern equipment. All products are tested in the baby food department of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences. 125 g of vegetable puree in a carton cost 15-20 rubles.

The Agusha brand, which Wimm-Bill-Dan registered in 2001, got into the rating of the best domestic purees. This manufacturer is controlled by the RAMS, cooperates with the Union of Russian Pediatricians, has many quality certificates. It has a large number of products and offers a choice of three types of products:

  • "First spoon" (from 4 months): juices, biokefir, fruit puree, meat and vegetables,
  • meals from 6 months: yoghurts, dry cereals, fruit drinks, mashed potatoes,
  • "I myself" (from 2.5 years): cottage cheese, milkshakes, yogurt.

Agush products are made exclusively from natural ingredients. They contain all the necessary substances for the growth and development of the baby. Puree for the first feeding of this company are a budget option. The average price is 35 rubles.

Production of goods under the brand name "Theme" began 10 years ago. Today it is a national brand that is one of the leaders in the field of baby food. The domestic company offers products for children from 6 months. Buyers pay attention to the loyal pricing policy of the company "Theme". In addition, the puree of this company is easy to find on the shelves.

Puree with pumpkin and zucchini, which are sold in 125 g jars, are suitable as the first complementary food. All the treats are made from high-quality products without adding preservatives, flavors and dyes. Special tin packaging allows you to protect the mashed potatoes from the rays of the sun. Unlike glass jars, there is almost no risk of damage to the packaging. In addition to the mash for the first complementary foods, the company produces dairy products and juices. Pleases value for money. On average, mashed potatoes costs 30 rubles.

2 Grandma's basket

This brand is considered one of the most affordable, and the quality is not inferior to “FrutoNyan”. The products of the brand meet the requirements of sterility conservation, in its composition are used only natural ingredients. One-component mash for the first meal consists of broccoli, zucchini, pumpkin, cauliflower. A diverse range of fruit products. Older children are offered salmon, cod or pink salmon puree.

All formulations are made from the fruit or vegetable itself and water. They do not contain salt, sugar, food coloring or other additives. Bank of mashed potatoes of 100 g will cost about 25 rubles.

1 FrutoNyanya

It is one of the most famous and competitive brands that produces a huge product line for young children. Millions of parents trust the nutrition of their babies to this particular brand. All products of the company are tested and recommended by the Union of Pediatricians for infant nutrition.

The manufacturer offers pumpkin, broccoli, carrot and cauliflower puree as a first meal. Each can has a sealed lid that is sealed under pressure, thick plastic wrap to protect the jar from dust and dirt. On this film there are special divisions in grams to see how much the baby has eaten. The price per can of 100 g does not exceed 30-37 rubles.

The best imported mashed potatoes for the first food

On the Russian market there are many foreign companies involved in the production of food for children. Many mothers and fathers prefer foreign brands. Most of them are companies with a long history and high reputation.

Completing the list of the best foreign puree brand Semper, which supplies its products to Russia since 1997. The Swiss company offers products enriched with vegetable oils, vitamins, micro-and macronutrients. A good option for the first hypoallergenic complementary foods are broccoli puree, zucchini with potatoes, zucchini with potatoes. In addition to rice flour, no additional components are contained in the vegetable puree.

The company guarantees the high quality and benefit of all ingredients. It provides a wide range of products for different age groups. The cost of a 125-gram can starts from 55 rubles.

4 bebivita

In the fourth place in the ranking is the German representative of baby food products. The European brand was created in 1995 and is popular among customers due to its quality and reliability. The manufacturer proposes to begin acquaintance with a new food, trying mashed broccoli, cauliflower, zucchini or carrots. On jars age from 4 months is specified. The formulation of products meets all European standards relating to the production of food for children. The mash is no GMOs, flavors or dyes.

In addition to the vegetable and water, the puree contains corn oil and rice flour. Corn oil is a source of unsaturated fatty acids, and rice flour is rich in fiber, amino acids. Все продукты Bebivita содержат минералы и витамины, необходимые для здорового и полноценного развития малыша. За 100 г надо заплатить около 35-40 рублей.

Компания Heinz, основанная в США, поставляет товары более чем в сто стран мира. У фирмы установлены строгие системы контроля на фабриках, применяется новейшее оборудование и современные технологические достижения. Рецепты пюре разрабатываются вместе с ведущими педиатрами России. Unique production methods help preserve vitamins and minerals in the finished product.

A set for the first feeding is offered standard. In addition to the vegetables themselves, in the composition you can see corn flour, which is added for the best consistency. A portion of 80 g costs about 38-40 rubles.

Gerber is a manufacturer of the Swiss company Nestlé, which manufactures a variety of products for children: from sour-milk mixes to sweets. The company confidently holds its leadership position in the global market for over 100 years. The brand offers 4 types of vegetable components for the first stage of complementary foods and 2 fruit. They have a delicate texture and help the child learn to swallow food that is thicker than milk. A special method of production allows you to save nutrients and vitamins. All purees are made without the use of GMOs.

The composition of the feed includes only the vegetable indicated on the package, and no additives. On the jars and reflected: "only carrots", "only zucchini", "only broccoli", "only cauliflower". Capacity contains in itself 80 g mashed potatoes. It costs about 35-40 rubles.

The German brand Hipp is a competitor to Nestlé and is known to the world for more than 100 years. The manufacturer recommends the use of vegetable purees, which are made from products grown organically, without using chemical fertilizers as the first complementary food. Products offered include cauliflower, carrots, potatoes, parsnips, zucchini, broccoli. Then you can try pumpkin and corn.

The contents of each package passes through a quality control system, which is about 250 checks, ranging from the study of the soil for cultivation, to the analysis of raw materials and the testing of the finished puree. The company's laboratory is considered one of the best in Europe. Pay for quality products will have a little more than for the puree of domestic producers. A jar of 80 g costs about 45 rubles, and 125 g costs 65 rubles.

Brand: "FrutoNyanya" - the leader of our ranking among the best domestic manufacturers of baby food

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Apple juice clarified

Instant milk rice porridge with pumpkin and apricot

Meat from mashed veal

Fruit puree "Banana"

Vegetable puree "Broccoli and zucchini"

What stands out: the winner of the expert “Test Purchase” on the first TV channel

Why in the ranking: in 2011, “FrutoNyanya” received the honorary status of “People’s Brand” and for the second decade already enjoys enviable popularity among parents. The range of products is very wide: from water and juices to ready-made cereals, and the "night" mixture. Nutrition is developed taking into account the age needs of kids and exclusively from eco-products.

Our rating: 10/10. Favorite compatriots, the brand that has passed the full range of various laboratory tests deserves the highest score!

Consumer Reviews:

"…very pleased. My twins never experienced any allergic reactions ... ”

“... a lot of things have been tried, but at FN the most delicious purees, even broccoli, we burst with pleasure ...”

Brand: "Gerber" - has an impeccable reputation

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Cauliflower puree

Meat puree "Beef"

Fruit puree "Banana and wild berries"

Turkey Rice Stew

What stands out: the brand familiar from the cute eagle emblem is listed on the respected greenpeace honorable green list

Why in the ranking: the manufacturer Gerber cares about the health of its young consumers, using only environmentally clean products in cooking. The product line starts with one-component mashed potatoes, culminating in full meals with meat, cereals and vegetables

Our rating: 10/10 For more than 80 years of experience and an impeccable reputation, we give the American brand 10 points!

Consumer Reviews:

“... Gerber is the best one of all purees! The quality and taste at the height ... "

“... my minor allergic and we tried all brands of food from budget to the most expensive! But onlyGerberwe approached. "

Brand: "Grandma's Basket" - the most inexpensive baby food

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Venison meat puree

Fruit puree "Apricot"

Vegetable squash from zucchini with milk

What stands out: developed by the famous Institute of Nutrition of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences

Why in the ranking: the absence of GMO components and even starch allows you to assign the status of one of the best brands. Careful cultivation of raw materials for baby food "Grandma's Basket" - the reason for the high taste of the products of this brand. The price bracket for the entire product line is very low.

Our rating: 9/10. Despite the complete rejection of preservatives, "Grandma's basket" did not finish the meat puree, having a specific taste - an amateur

Consumer Reviews:

"... prunes to taste reminds pure chocolate - small it eats in two accounts, I myself sometimes" help "with it to finish it ..."

“... I like meat purees from BL more than other companies, I give more juice - everything is OK, the child is happy and the price is pleasant ...”

Brand: "Theme" - the best producer in relation to dairy products for kids

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Apple juice clarified

Rabbit meat puree

Blueberry BioMotor

Broccoli puree

What stands out: availability of hypoallergenic products in the range

Why in the ranking: loyal pricing policy of the manufacturer forced the buyer to pay attention to themselves. The product line is very rich: "Theme" boasts not only the presence of juices, vegetables and fruits, but also high-quality dairy products, focused on the needs of children under 2 years

Our rating: 9/10. “Theme” from Unimilk could climb to the top position of the rating scale, but for the lack of taste variety and a scanty range of multi-component mashed potatoes, we take 1 point!

Consumer Reviews:

“... we adore biolact from“ Theme ”, he has a tasty sour milk in general. I eat it together with my daughters) ... "

“... I have no complaints, like my mother’s, to my grandmother's basket. And the beef with zucchini is a miracle, so tender, I even add to the little soup - without GMO, after all. "

Brand: "Semper" - aerobatics

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Milk formula Baby №2

Fruit puree "Bilberry"

Lasagna with vegetables

Instant rice porridge with good evening bananas

What stands out: about 100 items of tasty and healthy products for kids

Why in the ranking: baby food from Sweden "Semper" excludes the presence of GMO elements. Strict control of the production and packaging process ensures the safety and quality of the products. A wide range of products

Our rating: 10/10 Recognized leader worthy of the highest position in the ranking

Consumer Reviews:

“... they could not take the mixture for a long time because of intolerance, they were completely exhausted! Semperovskaya saved us. "

“... because of this food, our stool returned to normal and diathesic ische. Thank,Semper. »

Brand: “Humana” - with health care

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Infant formula from 6 months

Fruit puree "Pear"

Vegetable puree "Pumpkin"

Instant buckwheat porridge milk with apple

What stands out: produces food for kids with digestive problems and allergies

Why in the ranking: German quality speaks for itself. Innovative methods of production and packaging, a huge product line, a good reputation give the right to be called one of the best brands of baby food.

Our rating: 10/10 - “Humana” has no flaws

Consumer Reviews:

“... a neighbor advised us to this brand, she fed up three children on it. We are very satisfied, we don’t know the problems of the gastrointestinal tract and everything is delicious ... ”

“... adore Humano! Especially puddings fly away immediately. Smack is credible - such a home, natural ... "

Brand: "Heinz" - the manufacturer of the most delicious baby food

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Cookies with apple

Meat puree "Country-style veal"

Fruit puree "Prunes"

Pumpkin vegetable puree

Delicious multigrain porridge: apple, cherry

What stands out: US tandem production - Russia

Why in the ranking: this brand offers tasty and varied food of excellent quality: soups, puddings have become exotic against the background of the scarcity of the competitors' assortment. The raw material is clean from an environmental point of view.

Our rating: 9/10. Everything would be fine, but an excess of sugar in almost all products steals 1 point, although tasty mashed potatoes and porridges are obtained from Heinz.»

Consumer Reviews:

“... despite the fact that we suffer from allergies, Heintsevskie humps go with a bang. A daughter loves them very much ... "

“... Heinz magic chicken soup is simple! Although I have already transferred my son to homemade food, but sometimes I give such a soup - he asks his son ... "

Brand: "Agusha" - a favorite of Russian mothers and fathers

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Milk mixtureORIGINAL - 2

Berry juice "I myself"

Meat puree "Beef"

Fruit puree "Apple"

Instant oatmeal porridge

What stands out: winner of “Test Purchase” in the nomination “People’s Selection”, the first domestic brand to lead the baby food market

Why in the ranking: All products are developed in collaboration with the authoritative Research Institute of Nutrition of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences. The richest selection of mashed potatoes and cereals, deserved special attention milk series of the brand: liquid and dry mixes, curds with a complex of vitamins. Power testing is performed in the largest and most prestigious laboratories in Russia

Our rating: 9/10. Despite the positive aspects of production and the purity of the raw materials, distribution leaves much to be desired: expired juices and mashed potatoes are often found on the shelves of supermarkets. This is an indirect minus "Agushi"

Consumer Reviews:

“... Wheat porridge with pumpkin at“ Agushi ”is very tasty. The consistency is like fluff straight, airy, my baby asks her to eat every day ... "

“... my two children grew up with milk and mash from agushi. Tasty, useful, the price is acceptable, we had no problems with this brand ... "

3 signs of readiness karapuz to new food

  • the mass of the child at birth has doubled,
  • the baby can sit, alone or with support,
  • If you offer the child a spoon, he will willingly pull it into his mouth.

With the introduction of complementary foods after an optimal period, the child will begin to lose weight, lacking trace elements. In the worst case, it is lagging behind.

With the early introduction of new products increases the risk of developing allergies due to the unavailability of enzymes of the digestive system.

Rules for feeding

  • you need to give new food from 5 grams, increasing the portions in 2 weeks to 150 grams,
  • the child must be healthy
  • the first lure is undesirable in the summer season,
  • another product should be introduced only after adapting to the previous one, approximately every 2 to 3 weeks,
  • food should be freshly cooked, warm.
  • need to look carefully at the state of the child. If diarrhea occurs, it is better to temporarily remove the product from the menu and try again a week later.

Lure in 6 months

The first dish of the kid is vegetable. With a lack of weight - porridge. We start with hypoallergenic broccoli, zucchini and cauliflower.

You can buy vegetable puree in jars or cook them yourself. In the preparation of mashed potatoes should take a vegetable, wash, peel. Boil better for a couple. Then put the finished vegetable in a blender. Grind to a puree.

The most delicious mashed potatoes are from Gerber, but by the price criterion they are much more expensive than the “Grandma's basket”.

For 2 weeks the child should get used to the zucchini. Monitor the condition of the skin and stools.

Cauliflower will be the next step in the expansion of the diet, but in the absence of rashes and other elements on the skin of the baby.

You need to give before breastfeeding, at 12 o'clock in the afternoon.

One of the last in the vegetable lures - pumpkin and carrots. Are allergenic products, be careful.

Potatoes - the latest of all vegetables on the introduction of the child's menu. Very allergenic product, for the assimilation of which requires a mature enzymatic function of the intestine.

Important information for those parents who are interested in how old a goat milk can be given to a child.

Kasha - our nurse

Entering complementary foods at 7 months should begin with milk-free cereals. Up to 12 months there is no need for cow and goat milk, as advised by grandmothers. These dairy products increase the acidity of the stomach, can cause the development of gastritis or ulcers.

Breast milk or formula can be added to the gruel.

Porridge is given for breakfast, it is possible with fruit. By quantity as well as with vegetables. In porridge, you can add 1/2 teaspoon of butter.

8 months - meat time

By this time, the baby already has a full breakfast. Now we will create a menu for lunch. The first meat dishes are rabbit and turkey, as they are hypoallergenic. We start with 5 grams of canned meat puree, both separately and mixed with vegetables. The meat dish can be cooked independently in the form of minced meat.

After turkey and rabbit, beef, chicken, veal is given. From pork is better to give up to 2 years.

In canned meat puree do not add vegetable oil. But if you cooked yourself, you should add ½ teaspoon of vegetable oil to vegetables or meat purée.

Yolk - a storehouse of vitamins

Yolk give 2 times a week, starting with parts. Add to dishes or diluted with milk. It is usually given in the morning. Then by the year we increase it to half.

Table of the introduction of complementary foods for breakfast and lunch on breastfeeding.

Artificial feeding table

It's time for cottage cheese and kefir

Ukrainian doctor Komarovsky O.E. advises to start feeding with kefir, as it looks like mother's milk. But WHO recommends otherwise. Kefir is better to buy children, the company "Our Masha" or "Frutonyanya." Kefir should be savory and without dyes.

We also begin according to the “golden rule” - with a teaspoon. Kefir give for dinner at 20.00. We also choose cottage cheese for children: “Agusha”, “Tyoma”. Cottage cheese we begin with a teaspoon and by 1 year we bring up to 50 grams. We give in the evening for dinner along with cottage cheese.

10 months - lump food

A child can be given cookies, drying, as the baby already has the necessary number of teeth. Fruits let's pieces, peeling.

Fruit juices are best done by yourself. The store contains a lot of acids and sugar.

In 10 months, 2 times a week, give fish dishes. Start with low-fat varieties - hake, cod, perch.

Catering in "banks"

Products are prepared only from environmentally friendly, carefully grown fruits and vegetables. This type of food has a guaranteed composition. It takes a lot of checks. It is impossible to meet on the shelves of poor quality baby food.

In this diet there are no preservatives. Why are they kept so long? Vacuum packaging and aseptic storage conditions do not allow the product to deteriorate.

Complementary food for children with atypical reactions

It is very difficult to lure a child if he has allergies. The following rules should be considered:

  • Do not add sugar to ready meals, especially juices,
  • start luring only with “clean” skin,
  • observe monocomponent. Do not mix a few vegetables or fruits. So it will be easier to identify what is allergic to, if it appears,
  • sweet fruit juices, potatoes, carrots, pumpkin, leave finally, to 10-11 months,
  • egg, fish is better to enter from 12 months,
  • the baby gets used to every new dish for at least 7 days,
  • if a rash appears, the new product is canceled,
  • If you are allergic to cow's milk, allergic reactions to beef are also likely.

Up to a year the baby’s health is laid. Proper balanced nutrition will help to avoid many problems in the future. New foods are sure to please the child if they are cooked with love. Each baby is individual, and only mom will be able to understand when a new period of feeding will begin.

We turn to the study of new tastes.

The diet of the newborn crumbs consists of breast milk or adapted mixture, tailored to their needs. All pediatricians say in their voice that breastfeeding is necessary for the health of the infant. Indeed, breast milk contains all the complex of vitamins, microelements and other beneficial substances necessary for the growing organism, which help to strengthen the immune system. Therefore, if you managed to adjust this process, then you can not worry about the first feeding up to seven months. Some moms do not enter into the diet of new products until the execution of ten months.

But baby-fed crumbs first need to be administered much earlier, although even pediatricians themselves change their opinions on this issue from time to time. For example, in the Soviet period, physicians strongly recommended acquainting the baby with new products in three months. It was connected with some of the nutritional characteristics of the moms themselves. They lacked vitamins, fresh vegetables and fruits, and the diet itself was not very diverse. Therefore, it was not necessary to expect that only breast milk would be enough for the baby.

Сегодня педиатры ориентируются на рекомендации Всемирной организации здравоохранения. Согласно ее исследованиям малышей, находящихся на искусственном или смешанном вскармливании, нужно прикармливать в возрасте пяти-шести месяцев. And babies who feed on breast milk should be introduced to vegetables and fruits closer to seven months.

However, in any case, consultation with a pediatrician is necessary before the introduction of the first feeding. After all, only he is able to determine whether the digestive system of the crumbs has matured to the reception of adult food.

Factors indicating the possibility of introducing the first complementary foods

We note once again that only your pediatrician should make such an important decision. But there are still a number of signs that indicate that it is time to expand the diet of the crumbs.

This is evidenced by the child's ability to sit well. If he feels confidently sitting, then it is time to buy beautiful cutlery and children's dishes with bright pictures that make it easier to accustom the baby to a new way of eating.

It is important that your child show interest in adult food. Many kids begin by five or six months to try to look in the plate to mom or dad during lunch or dinner.

Also pay attention to the chewing reflex. The kid, ready to change the diet, often watches the parents during the meal and tries to repeat all the movements, including the chewing ones.

In addition, the pediatrician must confirm the formation of the digestive system. This can be judged if the crumb eats well, gains weight, is not capricious because of colic and pain in the tummy.

Where to start lure?

Doctors recommended fruit purees and juices to our grandmothers for the first feeding. This was due to all the scarcity of the diet of the young mother and the lack of vitamins contained in fresh fruit.

Today pediatricians do not recommend luring with fruit puree. They believe that a variety of fruits cause allergic reactions, and are absorbed by the body much worse than vegetables. In addition, the first feeding the child with fruit puree practically excludes vegetables from the baby’s diet, since their taste will seem to the baby not pronounced, and he will refuse them, acting up. As a result, the child will form a clear taste preferences that will last for a long time.

According to the recommendations of the World Health Organization, it is necessary to begin introducing the baby with a new food with vegetable puree consisting of one vegetable. But one-component fruit puree for the first feeding is better not to use. It can enter the diet only after vegetables, milk-free cereals and meat purees.

Rules of acquaintance with new dishes: a list of allowed products

When to introduce fruit puree in baby food? Let's step by step analyze the scheme of dating crumbs with new food for him.

If the baby is gaining weight well, then its first mash should be vegetable. For him fit young zucchini, cauliflower or broccoli. However, do not forget that the dish for crumbs should consist of only one vegetable until it gets used to the new menu.

Then you can expand the diet of corn and millet cereals without milk, as well as delicious pumpkin puree. Usually these dishes become familiar crumbs for two or three months.

If all products are digested by the child's digestive tract, by seven or eight months, he should be given the first meat mash from rabbit or turkey. After about a month you can switch to fruit purees. It is important to monitor possible allergic reactions and not to mix fruits with each other. Only after the crumb adapts to a new diet, you can not only give him a mash of several fruits, but also mix them with vegetables. A few interesting recipes for fruit mash for the first meal, we give a little later.

By the year your baby should be familiar with the following products:

  • bread,
  • milk and dairy-free cereals,
  • fruits (apples, bananas, pears, peach, nectarine, apricot),
  • vegetables (zucchini, pumpkin, broccoli, cucumber, beets, potatoes, carrots, cauliflower),
  • cottage cheese and dairy products,
  • light soups in vegetable and meat broth,
  • meat puree made from turkey, chicken, rabbit and beef (some parents give their one-year-old kids meat steamed meat patties, which is not forbidden by WHO),
  • fish (pollock or hake).

In the following months, the diet of the crumbs is constantly expanding, but pediatricians recommend not to get too carried away with the introduction of new foods. They advise moms to make the diet more diverse due to cooking options. Let your child get used to the fact that vegetables, fruits and fish appear on the table regularly. Over time, the child will express their preferences and he will have favorite dishes.

How to introduce fruit puree in food?

Not all moms understand exactly how to expand the diet of your baby properly. As you already understood, the beginning of complementary foods with fruit puree is not the best option for a baby. But if you have already mastered vegetables and cereals, then you can easily move on to new gastronomic discoveries. However, this should be done so as not to harm the crumbs.

The fruit sauce for the first complementary foods should be one-component. And getting used to it is necessary to take from seven to ten days. Until this time on the table crumbs should not appear new fruit.

Fruit puree should be given to the baby once a day, preferably at breakfast. And at first, the portion can not be more than half a teaspoon. Feed the baby need breast milk or formula. Gradually, the amount of mashed potatoes increases, reaching the maximum amount. It is very easy to determine. Parents simply need to multiply the child's age by ten. The resulting number will indicate the maximum amount of mashed potatoes that your baby can eat per day.

While the child is getting used to the new product, the mother should carefully monitor his condition. If the crumb is well absorbed by the fruit puree, then the consistency and color of his chair will not change, the skin will remain pink without rashes, and the tummy will be soft. Only taking into account all the above factors, you can transfer the child to a new product or add another fruit or vegetable to the already familiar puree. But getting used to it will also take from one week to ten days.

What fruit sauce to choose for the first feeding: pediatricians recommendations

Parents need to remember that all the fruits available to customers in stores can be divided into several groups according to the degree of allergenicity:

  • Mildly allergenic. These include pears and green apples, as well as berries such as gooseberries.
  • Moderately allergenic. Yellow apples, bananas and peaches fall into this group.
  • Especially allergenic. Red fruits, including pomegranates, and wild berries.

What is the fruit puree to start feeding? Naturally, pediatricians recommend using apples or pears for the first feeding. Moreover, those and others are better to choose green. This reduces the risk of an allergic reaction several times.

Usually, red fruits are introduced into the supplements after a year, when the body of the crumbs is adapted to various products and dishes prepared from them.

Shop or homemade mashed potatoes: make a choice

So, you decided to introduce fruit puree in the lure. Which is better - in jars from the store or cooked with your own hands? On this forums moms argue almost hoarse, citing a lot of arguments for and against. Each mother should independently answer the question of which fruit sauce is best for the first feeding. The article only voiced the arguments of each of the parties.

Those who support the option of feeding through jars of baby food from the store, argue that they are just a godsend for busy moms. After all, this way the time is freed up, which would have to be spent on cleaning and cooking vegetables and fruits for mashed potatoes.

The range of baby food is very wide and the manufacturer does not have the concept of seasonality of fruit. And this is a huge plus.

It should also be borne in mind that mashed potatoes in production are prepared in compliance with all standards and all useful properties are preserved in the finished product. And besides, the risk of microbes and pathogenic microorganisms getting into the baby’s plate is reduced to almost zero.

However, the store fruit puree there are downsides. Mommies, buying another colorful jar, cannot be absolutely sure that fruits are grown in an ecologically clean area, and the manufacturer has not added something to them.

Moms who prefer to make fruit puree for the first meal with their own hands, say that they always have full information about the freshness of fruits, their maturity and quality. In addition, they significantly save the family budget, as store baby food is always quite expensive.

However, homemade mashed potatoes also have their disadvantages. And they concern raw materials for making baby food. It is usually purchased from the store, which means that mothers cannot be completely sure that it is grown without adding chemicals.

How to choose a jar with baby fruit puree?

If you decide to feed the baby store mashed potatoes, then do not neglect the tips on choosing food.

Usually mashed potatoes are sold in glass and tin jars. The first option is more environmentally friendly, however, without complying with the rules of storage in the product useful substances are lost. Better when the glass jar is wrapped in an opaque package.

Before you buy, do not be lazy to read the information on the composition, age limits and shelf life of the product.

Often in the composition of fruit puree you can see components such as starch and vitamin C. The latter acts as a natural preservative, but the second significantly reduces the digestibility of mashed potatoes in the child's stomach.

Among the wide range of fruit purees, parents distinguish several products that are popular with babies and are excellent for the first feeding:

  • "Williams Pears". This puree, supplied to the Russian stalls by Gerber, is perfectly absorbed by crumbs from four months and does not contain foreign components in the composition other than vitamin C.
  • Apple puree with cottage cheese. This product from "Spelenok" can be given to kids from six months. In its composition there is low-fat cottage cheese, which adds a special flavor to fruit puree.
  • Fruit puree with cream. The company Tema offers six months old babies a delicious product of apples, peaches, cream and sugar.
  • Pear mashed potatoes. This product from "Humana" can be given to kids from four months. Puree does not contain in its composition anything except pears grown according to all standards of the European Union.

Features cooking homemade mashed potatoes

With his own hands, fruit mash for the first meal is very easy to prepare. Fruits are always peeled and cut into small cubes. It is best to cook for a couple, but in extreme cases, you can resort to cooking. In a saucepan should be no more than two spoons of water, and the process lasts about ten minutes. In a double boiler, fruit, too, should not be overdone - fifteen minutes will be enough.

The finished raw materials can be mashed with a fork or placed in a blender. The baby should be offered mashed potatoes in the form of heat.

Do not forget that in the process of cooking it is important to use separate dishes and remove pets from the kitchen.

Ready mashed potatoes do not need to be sweetened. Babies who have already appreciated the taste of fruit can be mashed in the form of a mix with vegetables. In such dishes it is good to use pumpkin and, for example, zucchini.

Cooking for your baby at home

Children love pear puree very much. It is prepared identical to the description from the previous section, but there are several secrets. Not all babies respond well to grains in mashed potatoes, and the pear has just a similar texture, which remains in a ground form. So do not be lazy to punch the fruit in a blender two or three times. To make the dish easier to digest, add a little milk mixture or pear broth to the puree.

Try to make mashed zucchini and apples for your crumb. This option is ideal even for allergic people and is a storehouse of vitamins. Zucchini contains potassium. This substance helps the work of the heart muscle. Apples contain substances such as iodine, phosphorus, iron, and vitamin C. Together, they protect the baby from colds and viral diseases. A couple of zucchini are prepared for ten minutes, and apples - about fifteen. In normal cooking, you need to add to the specified time for five minutes.

Mango is an exotic fruit and is not sold in every store. But if you have the opportunity to purchase ripe mango fruits, be sure to cook mashed potatoes for your crumb. This fruit contains twelve amino acids, one of the pleasant side effects of which is the normalization of sleep. Puree is made from fresh fruits. They are cut into cubes and mixed in a blender with two tablespoons of boiled water. Then, the resulting puree is heated on the stove, but not brought to a boil. Baby should offer it in the form of heat.

Tutta Larsen: cans or cooking?

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