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Word separation

The separation of one substance from another in science is called "separation." But the same term is used in psychology. From Latin, the word separatio translates as "separation". It should be understood that if certain tools are used in the separation technique, in psychology this term is used to refer to a certain period in the lives of parents and children. It is easy to guess that this is the process of separating a child from mom and dad. In this article we will take a closer look at what separation is in engineering and psychology.

In order to separate one substance from another, there are many different ways. The choice of one or another depends on the characteristics of the components in the mixture. So, to clean the flour from unwanted impurities and debris, use air separation, and for the separation of blood into fractions - gravity. In the latter case, due to the difference in density of erythrocytes and plasma, the rapid rotation of the separator drum leads to the fact that the shaped elements settle to the bottom, and the serum rises up.

Magnetic separation is based on the magnetic properties of materials. It is used in the glass, metallurgical and mining industries. In such separators, a magnetic field is created that changes the gravitational trajectory of the materials. Thus, a substance that contains iron, is attracted and separated from the total mass.

In each case, the separation process is different and depends on the installation itself. What unites them is that the chemical composition of the substances to be separated does not change. This separation method is used in various industries:

  • mining,
  • the medicine,
  • food industry
  • Agriculture,
  • metallurgical industry.

Installation for separation (separator) in each case has a different structure, which generally depends on the properties, the percentage of the mixture to be separated and the differences in the characteristics of the components. And if, for example, a centrifuge is used for inertial separation by weight, then for the separation of bulk materials by size, a roar.

Personality formation

The term separation is used in psychology. This refers to the separation of a sufficiently adult child from parents and the beginning of his new independent life. Not always this process runs smoothly. And it may depend on many factors. Considering what separation is, one should not forget that in most cases this is quite a painful process for both the parents and the child himself. It should also be understood that the separation may be of different types. In addition, it is very important that it be gradual.

Types of separation in psychology

Every child is united with parents by emotional and financial connection. From early childhood, he needs parental approval to perform certain actions. They provide it and buy everything they need. As they mature, each connection is gradually broken. In any case, this is how it should be. But some parents specifically discourage this. The following types of separation are distinguished:

  1. Emotional - reducing the need for approval of certain actions.
  2. Functional - independent functioning. The child provides for himself, and also dresses, prepares for himself to eat, washes, etc.
  3. Attitudinal - characterized by their own views on various events and their opinions in solving certain issues. The child stops to look at the world through the eyes of parents.

Studying the question “what is separation”, it is also important to note that each family has its own process of separation from parents. One child already becomes independent at school age, and another, even studying at the institute, will not take a single step without the approval of his mother or father.

Why parents hinder

The culprits of prolonged separation, as a rule, are adults. They find a lot of excuses to keep the child as close as possible. And the reasons for this may be a great many. The one and the most important thing is to take care of your little one. It is love for the child and fear for him - the main reason that separation is too slow, and sometimes does not occur at all. There are a lot of cases when even an adult man or woman, who is far beyond 30, still remain children. They live with their parents and obey them in everything.

Naturally, it is not easy to let go of your child, even if he is already completely grown up. I really want to give good advice and share their experiences. But on the other hand, it interferes with the child and the development of his personality. In fact, a puppet grows, which is very easy to manipulate. But in this case, the question remains: whose life does this child live? Yours or his parents?

My interests

Sometimes the intentions of the parents are quite selfish. Separation of a child can bring a lot of grief into their lives, and by refusing it, they act only in their own interests. For example, mother herself raised her son. So he grew up, it’s time for him to create his own family and leave the parental nest. But for mom, it will all end in solitude.

Or, for example, very often, when children grow up, their parents diverge. The entire union in such a family rests on one common goal - to raise a child. When this has already happened, it turns out that there is no love between the parents either. Many mothers understand this and do not want to let their children go.

Another rather selfish reason is an attempt to realize yourself or your dreams in a child. Suppose mom had a hard life. She gave birth to a daughter early, and her husband left them when the child was very young. Mom had to raise her daughter alone and work hard. She wants a different life for her child. Mom dreams that her daughter will graduate from the university with the highest score, find a prestigious job, buy an apartment, a car and then just start looking for a groom. But what if a girl has a different opinion? Perhaps she will be able to marry better than her mother, or does her business career not interest her at all? Yes, and my mother's dream is unlikely to come true, because a daughter who has not undergone the separation process will not be able to realize herself. Life with her will go a huge baggage complexes, associated with its lack of independence and the inability to make decisions in my life.

When should this happen?

Of course, many are concerned about the question of how old a separation from parents is considered the most optimal. But to answer it is not so easy. Everything should happen gradually. With proper upbringing, separation begins at preschool age. The child begins to express their opinions. It is very important at this moment to explain to him why this or that is prohibited. Dispute is the most important part in separation. It is in him that his own opinion is born. If the parent forbids the child to argue - he suppresses his personality. From childhood it is necessary to give the child the right to choose, and then the separation will be painless.

Puberty period

Active separation begins in adolescence. At this point, there should be trust between the child and the parent. And not only the teenager should trust, but you too. Otherwise, the separation will occur quite sharply. The teenager should gain experience and get acquainted with life in all its manifestations. From this will depend on the age of separation from the parents. It is necessary that it occurs gradually. Every year the child should have more freedom and less influence from the parents.

Adult children

Separation in adulthood is not uncommon. Most likely, since childhood, a child grows up without the right to choose and trust from parents. As a result, an adult does not become independent. And over time, his fate even attracts. Such people are not particularly eager to find a soul mate, and even if this happens, most often the relationship does not last long. Separation from parents in adulthood can occur if a person really falls in love. Then he can finally say a firm “no” to his parents and go his own way.

Many psychologists are convinced that if separation does not begin in early childhood, the child grows withdrawn. The suppression of his personality affects mental and mental development.

Studying what separation is, one should not forget that each person has his own way. Mistakes from which parents can not save, is a very important and necessary experience. Do not deprive the child of this.

The meaning of the word separation. What is separation?

Separation (lat. Separatio - separation) - in the technique, various processes of separation of mixed volumes of heterogeneous particles of mixtures of liquids of different density, emulsions, solid materials, suspended solids or droplets in a gas.

Separation (from the Latin. Separatio - separation), separation in the technique, the process of separation of mixtures of heterogeneous particles of solid materials, mixtures of liquids of different densities, emulsions, suspensions of solid particles or droplets in a gas or vapor.

Separation (from Latin. Separatio - separation * a. Separation, N. Scheidung, Trennung, Separation, separation., Triage, and. Separacion) - separation of mixtures of dissimilar particles of solid materials, liquids of different densities, emulsions ...

Geological dictionary. - 1978

Separation - (lat. Separatio - separation) - in psychology - separation of the child from the mother. Over the past decades, thanks to the work of Bowlby and Winnicott (1951, 1961), the idea of ​​...

Zhmurov V.A. Large explanatory dictionary of terms on psychiatry

Gas separation (a. Gas separation, n. Erdgasseparation, f. Separation de gaz, and separacion de gas) is the process of separation (separation, separation) of a solid ...

Geological dictionary. - 1978

Gas separation is the process of separating the solid, liquid and gas phases of a stream, followed by the extraction of solid and liquid phases from it. Gas separation is designed to prevent moisture and solid particles from entering the field gas gathering networks and ...

Quick reference on oil and gas terms. - 2004

Steam separation, separation of water from saturated steam produced in steam generators. C. p. Prevents the deposition of mineral impurities contained in water ...

COUPLE SEPARATION - separation of water from sat. steam generated in steam boilers. C. p. Prevents deposition of miner. impurities contained in water on the inside. surfaces of superheater tubes and steam turbine blades.

Big Encyclopedic Polytechnic Dictionary

MASS-SEPARATION - in a plasma - the spatial separation of heavy particles with different mass or charge in an initially uniform plasma volume, associated with ionization processes and the movement of particles in electr. and magn. fields ...

Physical Encyclopedia. - 1988

SEPARATION-INDIVIDUATION (SEPARATION-INDIVIDUATION) The term proposed by Mahler to describe two interrelated processes that gradually unfold in the course of mental development / in particular, to describe the 'psychological birth' of a child.

Psychoanalytic Terms and Concepts

FOAM SEPARATION (foam separation), the method of surface separation of liquid homogenous. systems or colloidal p-groves on enriched fractions or pure components by continuous removal of artificially created foam from a shared system ...

Foam separation (a. Foam separation, N. Schaumschwimmaufbereitung, f. Separation par ecume, separation a mousse, and. Separacion con espuma) is the process of separating mineral particles by wettability as they pass from top to bottom through a layer moving ...

Geological dictionary. - 1978

FOAM SEPARATION (foam separation), the method of surface separation of liquid homogenous. systems or colloidal p-groves on enriched fractions or pure components by continuous removal of artificially created foam from a shared system ...

Chemical encyclopedia. - 1988

Electric separation (English electrical separation, German Elektroscheidung f) is the process of separating dry particles of a mineral or materials in an electric field according to the magnitude or sign of the charge.

Electrical separation (a. Electric separation, n. Eiektroscheidung, f. Separation electrique, triage electrique, and. Separacion electrica) is the process of separating dry particles of an i. or materials in electric. field by magnitude or sign of charge ...

Geological dictionary. - 1978

Electrical separation, separation of loose fine-grained or crushed minerals and materials (abrasives, industrial waste: etc.) in the electric field of the separator.

Luminescent separation (English luminiscence separation, German. Lumineszenzseparation f, Lumineszenzscheidung f) is a radiometric process of separation of minerals, based on their ability to glow under the action of ultraviolet and x-ray.

Luminescent separation (a. Luminiscence separation, n. Lumineszenzseparation, Lumineszenzscheidung, F. separation par luminescence, and. Separacion luminiscente) - radiometric. mineral separation process ...

Geological dictionary. - 1978

Low-temperature gas separation (a. Low-temperature separation, n. Tieftemperaturabscheidung, Tieftemperaturseparation, separation separation and basse temperature, and separacion de baja temperatura) ...

Geological dictionary. - 1978

Low-temperature separation (NTS), the process of field preparation of natural gas to extract gas condensate and remove moisture from it to the dew point, eliminating hydrate formation during transportation to the consumer.

LOW-TEMPERATURE SEPARATION - the process of field preparation of natural gas by condensing moisture vapors and heavy hydrocarbons dissolved in a gas at temperatures from 0 to -15.C in order to extract gas condensate and remove moisture.

Big Encyclopedic Dictionary

Separation from parents - in adolescents and in adulthood

Evening. The children fell asleep. The three-year-old daughter, putting my hand under her cheek, fell asleep in my lap. I am ironing her already long, soft hair. My girl She is so my: my nose, my eyes, the same impulsive and simultaneously vulnerable. I am so open and trusting ... I want so much to extend this period when we are so close to each other. But she had already begun her journey from me, and I had already begun to unclench my hand.

What is separation

Terrible and terrible word meaning separation. In the case of relationships, this is the separation of a person (a figure, a personality) from a dyad, troika, group and its further functioning as a separate, independent person. Separation is a necessary condition not only for the formation of a person’s independence. This is generally a prerequisite for becoming oneself, being the master of one’s life, feeling joy and satisfaction from it.

Separation - separation from self. This is the way of maturation and maturation of personality. Its outcome is independence (financial and emotional), self-reliance, a sense of self-worth, an understanding of one’s desires, peace of mind and satisfaction.

But this is all after, when the separation occurred.

And while this process is underway, it looks like a storm in the ocean, like a storm, tearing apart the usual and expensive, to the element, at the same time destroying and creating.

When the separation begins

When does our independent journey begin? At the very moment when the umbilical cord is cut, the baby on the physical level becomes a separate being. But in mental terms, he will understand it somewhere around 9 months. It is then that he will start to crawl happily, and then run away from his mother. And mom will be torn between the fear of the fleeing child, the desire to catch up with him and return under her cozy and caring control and desired minutes of freedom and happiness to hold something else in her hands besides the baby.

Actually, here it is the separation process in a simplified form. It only appears at each age of the child in different ways. At all ages, the desire to separate from the side of a child sounds like: “I don’t want to obey your rules! I want freedom! I want to decide for myself! I know better what I need! This is my life, and I want to live it my own way! ”.

At all ages, the desire to keep the child sounds like this: “You are not old enough and independent to decide for yourself! You are not ready to take responsibility for your actions, so you must obey me! I love you so much and wish you only the best! I will not advise you bad! I know better than you! ”

Does this dialogue end or end? All different.

Adolescent crisis: physical separation

Many people think that overcoming it, we are finally separated. Children begin to live their own lives, often in another territory, to make decisions and “clear up” their consequences. And parents, having lost the ability to directly influence their child, ideally begin to concentrate more on themselves. And they watch the released child “from behind the scenes”, disguising their participation as “friendly advice”.

The adolescent crisis is similar to the crisis of birth (actually, like any crisis). Through pain and fear, through the feeling of loss of control and powerlessness, bit by bit, with each “fight” we-mothers release the child to the world. Physically.

But for a long time he will be in touch with us mentally. Очень долго в его голове будут звучать наши установки, ценности, замечания, да и просто наши слова. Как и в раннем детстве, внутренние мама и папа будут направлять, ругать или поддерживать своего уже выросшего ребёнка.

Сепарация у взрослых

Это не плохо и не хорошо. Это закономерно. Ограничить и взять под свой контроль и это влияние – задача следующего витка сепарации. Часто он самый болезненный и самый длительный, самый большой, самый страшный, но лишь после него наступает тишина и спокойствие. И он неочевиден, так как происходит на уровне психики и души. Usually this wave covers about 30 (+ -) years. But this, of course, is a conditional figure, since this crisis of separation can last for years and begin at different ages.

What happens on this coil. If we describe it in the form of a psychological process, then the grown up “child” criticizes those attitudes that were previously invested in it by parents, society, friends, by coincidence, making up their own opinion about the processes of life, based on their own experience. Sometimes it coincides with the original, sometimes it differs radically. This own view of things and of oneself and underlies the new, mature, already its own world outlook.

What lies in the way of creating this worldview? Very painful processes:

  • disappointment in their authorities (parents, teachers), recognition of their imperfection, often narrowness of their perception. Hence the temporary loss of landmarks, a critical look at their actions. Well and insults, and condemnation of them. As without it!
  • recognition of one’s own imperfection and mistakes already made. And over time, giving yourself the right to make mistakes and recognize your value in spite of them.
  • the need to limit the influence on themselves from those close to them and the society - hence the formation of their personal boundaries. And this is a very painful process for all participants. At first, a person begins to build around him a “2-meter reinforced concrete fence” (out of fear not to defend his borders), and this is fraught with mutual insults, a feeling of loneliness and rejection. At this stage, the environment of the person is strongly filtered, and often he is left completely alone with his new values.

This is a difficult test, because together with this a person loses support in difficult periods and the opportunity to share his experiences. This, in fact, contributes to the fact that he has to cope himself, alone, to seek support in his own legs. So independence is acquired. And faith in your strength.

What is the most difficult in separation

BUT! Separation is a mutual process. And that second one, from which you are separated, will desperately resist this process, since it will also force him to face the same experiences that are happening to you. But he does not want! He wants to continue to influence your life, thus gaining a sense of value and realization. He will take offense at you, accuse of treason, rejection, use. Will become helpless and suffer.

Even with his own willingness to separate, to withstand this pressure and at the same time stay in intimate relationships with a loved one is very difficult. Inevitably rolls over the feeling of guilt. But beyond that, both sides inevitably have a sense of loss due to the loss of their previous relationship. Because of what you can even for a while forget how deadly it was stuffy in them and come back.

Often we are so afraid of this last wave of separation, realizing that it will finally tear us out of childhood, hurt us and our loved ones and force us to swim further, relying only on ourselves, that we avoid it, not daring to meet with it. And we continue and continue to conduct internal dialogues with our parents (and other authorities), accusing and justifying, resenting and proving, evaluating each of their actions with their eyes. Even when they have long been dead.

Separation is a life long process. First we are separated from our parents. And then from their children. Each new stage, each round begins with a crisis, accompanied by a loss of course, powerlessness, pain due to the loss of previous relationships, loneliness. Everyone, finding himself at this point, ends up at a fork - to return what was and stay on the previous turn or turn in the direction of the “storm”, which inevitably leads to the exit to the next turn of the spiral.

... I'm stroking my girl's hair. She is still mine. She has my facial expressions, she repeats my expressions and wants to be like me. But I know that the inexorable waves of separation with each new wave will carry her farther and farther from me and bring her closer to her. And I am already slowly unclenching my hand, although my mother's heart wants to grab her in an armful, burrow into her hair and inhale, absorb every moment of her childhood, crying about the inevitability of parting with her.

1. Rethink the nature of relationships with parents

1. Recognize that you are different from your parents. Try to identify who you are, without regard to the opinions and approval of others. You can make a list of things and things that you like, get a new hobby or learn a new skill. Look for what is of first interest to you.

2. Realize that your parents are the result of their own growing up and life experience. This will help you complete the next item.

3. Accept that your parents are not perfect. Like you. Adult life implies a rejection of the romantic ideals of childhood. There are no positive and negative heroes in it - only ordinary people with their mistakes, problems and mood swings.

4. Take responsibility for who you are today. To do this, you will have to realize your childhood experiences, accept them and only then move on.

5. Understand the fact that as an adult you have the right to your own choice and opinion. Even if they turn out to be wrong. Otherwise, it is simply impossible to gain life experience.

6. Understand that you can now influence your relationship with your parents. After all, even if you are still their child, you are no longer a child.

2. Do not make old mistakes

1. Stop trying to change parents. Instead, think about how you can change your behavior to make your relationship better.

2. Set boundaries for parents. Only you decide what is acceptable and what is not, in relation to you and your life. But don't forget to tell your family about it.

3. Avoid old, unpleasant topics in which agreement will never be reached. This is simply counterproductive.

4. In the event of a conflict or the transition of your personal boundaries, carefully remind your parents that you are an adult and have the right to make your own decisions. Even erroneous.

5. Find common causes in which you can participate with your parents on an equal footing.

6. When problems arise between you and your parents, treat them as external to both parties. Do not take them too close to your heart, do not try to win the battle at any cost and prove your point. This is childishness.

7. Even if you have a tense relationship with your parents, try to stay in touch with them. Communicate at least via email or voice mail. Demonstrative boycott does not solve problems.

8. Do not expect mom or dad to do something for you. For example, babysitting with your own children or giving money for large purchases. This is part of the outdated parent-child relationship.

9. Refrain from parental advice. At least, do not ask them every day and for any minor reason.

10. Remember all the good things that parents have done and continue to do for you. Thank them for it.

In some cases, these tips may not be effective. For example, if you are dealing with "toxic" parents whose behavior is destructive and not changeable. If the pain of communicating with them is higher than any benefit that you get from it, it is better to stop this communication.

No relationship in life is worth your well-being.

Making the word map better together

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How understandable and common word remember(verb), I remember:

Suggestions with the word "separation":

  • And another need, about which it is so rarely said, is the need for separation (in other words - the need for separation from parents).
  • In the most global sense, the need for separation - This is the need for growing up and the ability to take responsibility for your life for yourself, without shifting it to other people.
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